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  • Author: M. Piwowarska-Uliasz x
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T. Knych, M. Piwowarska-Uliasz and P. Uliasz

Abstract

The main scientific challenge of the study was the selection of the zirconium amount, which will allow achieving high electric and strength properties of the alloy. The analysis of chemical compositions of the thermal resistive, conducting AlZr alloys allowed to estimate the most advantageous amount of zirconium, which was found to be within the range: from 0.05 to 0.32 wt % of Zr. The main aim of the study was the investigation of electric properties of alloys of the selected chemical compositions, being within the above given range. The endeavours were focused on determining the heat treatment influence (artificial ageing) on the resistivity of the AlZr alloys in the cast form. On these bases the ranges of obtainable electrical properties were estimated for the investigated alloys, which enabled the selection of optimal conditions of the heat treatment.

Open access

T. Knych, M. Piwowarska and P. Uliasz

Studies on the Process of Heat Treatment of Conductive AlZr Alloys Obtained in Various Productive Processes

A novelty in electroenergetics of the recent years are anti-blackout conductors of the HTLS type. These conductors allow for an above average increase of the transmission capacity of electric energy through overhead lines. The high temperature work of such conductor is possible with the use of thermally resistant aluminium alloys with the addition of zirconium. Compared to the traditionally applied material of the EN AW 1370 class, those alloys' permissible work temperature is at the level of 150 to 230°C (aluminium 80°C). The production technology for the alloys of this type includes a line of continuous casting and rolling of the wire rod, and next, its long-term heat treatment. The aim of the process of the heating of the wire rod is obtaining the desired level of the material's properties, which will make it possible to obtain the final properties of the wires assigned for the creation of conductors. The paper presents the results of the studies aiming at the description of the influence of the heat treatment of the material obtained in various production process conditions on its mechanical and electric properties.

Open access

T. Knych, M. Piwowarska-Uliasz, P. Uliasz and J. Wiecheć

Abstract

The subject of the present article consists in obtaining the wire production material with the controlled, during the heat treatment, level of electrical and mechanical properties. In the case of the AlZr alloys the appropriate strength properties are obtained in the technological process through the introduction of the specified value of the cold working (work-hardening). In turn,the AlZr alloy resistivity value is dependent on both the amount of the zircon additive and its placement characteristics in the aluminium structure (solid solution or emissions). The paper presents comparative resistivity and hardness tests of the AlZr alloy material with the zircon content ranging from 0.05 to 0.32% mas. Zr produced in the continuous casting technology as well as in the continuous casting and rolling technology.