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M. Lupascu and Gh. I. Comsa

Abstract

Sphenoid sinus affections in children are very rare occurrences due to the late development of the sinus and treatment may present quite a challenge even to the most skillful surgeon because of the small nasal fossae. Due to the often vague and uncharacteristic symptomatology sphenoid sinus disease is misdiagnosed and the treatment is delayed, sometimes with serious complications that are life threatening if not properly managed. We present the case of a six year old patient with a mucocele affecting an unusually large sphenoid sinus with concomitant Graves-like ophthalmopathy that has been treated through functional endoscopic sinus surgery but also needed prolonged cortisonic treatment.

Open access

M. Lupascu, Gh. I. Comsa and V. Zainea

Abstract

Our study on the anatomical variation of pneumatisation of the sphenoid sinuses was performed on 200 tomographical studies, evaluating the anatomical variations of the sphenoid sinuses and the Onodi cells, the types of pneumatisation according with the types described by Hammer and Radberg, as well as the extensions of pneumatisation towards the anterior clinoid processes, pterygoid processes and sphenoidal wings; the frequency of intrasphenoidal protrusions and dehiscences of internal carotid artery, optic nerve, Vidian canal and foramen rotundum and the presence of primary and secondary septa attached to their canals.

Open access

R. Kawiecka, A. Krawczyk, P. Lewińska, K. Pargieła, Stanisław Szombara, A. Tama, K. Adamek and M. Lupa

Abstract

The article presents comprehensive documentation of the situation of post-mining Miedzianka village (former town), which is located in Lower Silesia, in south-western Poland. Due to the long-term expansive mining exploitation since the 14th century, over time Miedzianka was completely destroyed and depopulated, thus nowadays, only a few inhabitants live there. The basis for the conducted research area were changes in land and urban structure that have been occurring for centuries in connection with mining operation of copper and uranium. The authors focused on presenting the changes using archival cartographic documentation, land surveying measurements and 3D modelling. That data allowed to determine on the ground specific sites related to mining operations, discover old urban buildings, performing their 3D models and finding places potentially threatened by continuous and discontinuous deformations. The combination of all the data allowed to present the full situation that occurred in Miedzianka.