The problem of exponential law of steady, incompressible fluid flow in boundary layer and heat transfer are studied in an electrically conducting fluid over a semi-infinite vertical plate assuming the variable thermal conductivity in the presence of a uniform magnetic field. The governing system of equations including the continuity equation, momentum equation and energy equation have been transformed into nonlinear coupled ordinary differential equations using appropriate similarity variables. All the numerical and graphical solutions are obtained through the use of Maple software. The solutions are found to be dependent on three dimensionless parameters including the magnetic field parameter M, thermal conductivity parameter β and Prandtl number Pr. Representative velocity and temperature profiles are presented at various values of the governing parameters. The skin-friction coefficient and the rate of heat transfer are also calculated for different values of the parameters.
T. Ahmed, Md. M. Alam, M. Ferdows and E.E. Tzirtzilakis
Numerical studies have been performed to examine the chemically reacting ionized fluid flow through a vertical plate with induced magnetic field. This study is performed for the cooling problem. To obtain the nondimensional non-similar momentum, the induced magnetic field, energy and concentration equations, usual nondimensional variables have been used. The numerical solutions for the velocity fields, induced magnetic fields, temperature distribution as well as concentration distribution are obtained for associated parameters using the explicit finite difference method. The local and average shear stresses, current densities, Nusselt number as well as the Sherwood number are also investigated. The obtained results are discussed with the help of graphs to observe effects of various parameters entering into the problem. Also the stability conditions of the explicit finite difference method are analyzed. Finally, a qualitative comparison of the present results with previously published results has been made.
The problem of unsteady, incompressible, laminar electrically conducting flow part a continuously stretching surface is investigated based on a time depended length scale. Similarity conditions for the stretching surface flow velocity and induced magnetic field functions are denied. The governing partial differential equations are first transformed to ordinary ones using similarity transformation. The governing system of equation includes the continuity equation, magnetic continuity equation, Maxwell’s equation, momentum equation and magnetic equations. The resulting similarity equation is then obtained through the use of Maple software. Effects of the unsteadiness parameter A, magnetic force parameter β and the reciprocal of the magnetic prandtl number ë on the velocity and magnetic induction functions are displayed graphically.
The aim of this work is to study the mixed convection boundary layer flow from a horizontal surface embedded in a porous medium with exponential decaying internal heat generation (IHG). Boundary layer equations are reduced to two ordinary differential equations for the dimensionless stream function and temperature with two parameters: ε, the mixed convection parameter, and λ, the exponent of x. This problem is numerically solved with a system of parameters using built-in codes in Maple. The influences of these parameters on velocity and temperature profiles, and the Nusselt number, are thoroughly compared and discussed.
lfsana Karim, M.S. Khan, M.M. Alam, M.A. Rouf, M. Ferdows and E.E. Tzirtzilakis
In the present computational study, the inclined angle effect of unsteady heat and mass transfer flow through salt water in an ocean was studied. The governing equations together with continuity, momentum, salinity and temperature were developed using the boundary layer approximation. Cartesian coordinate system was introduced to interpret the physical model where x-axis chosen along the direction of salt water flow and y-axis is inclined to x-axis. Two angle of inclination was considered such as 90° and 120°. The time dependent governing equations under the initial and boundary conditions were than transformed into the dimensionless form. A numerical solution approach so-called explicit finite difference method (EFDM) was employed to solve the obtained dimensionless equations. Different physical parameter was found in the model such as Prandtl number, Modified Prandtl number, Grashof number, Heat source parameter and Soret number. A stability and convergence analysis was developed in this study to describe the aspects of the finite difference scheme and this analysis is significant due to accuracy of the EFDM approach. The convergence criteria were observed to be in terms of dimensionless parameter as Pr ≥ 0.0128 and Ps ≥ 0.016. The distributions of the temperature and salinity profiles of salt water flow over different time steps were investigated for the effect of different dimensionless parameters and shown graphically.
M. Ferdows, Md. Shakhaoath Khan, Md. Mahmud Alam and A. A. Afify
The study of radiative heat transfer in a nanofluid with the influence of magnetic field over a stretching surface is investigated numerically. Physical mechanisms responsible for magnetic parameter, radiation parameter between the nanoparticles and the base fluid, such as Brownian motion and thermophoresis, are accounted for in the model. The parameters for Prandtl number Pr, Eckert number Ec, Lewis number Le, stretching parameter b/a and constant parameter m are examined. The governing partial differential equations were converted into nonlinear ordinary differential equations by using a suitable similarity transformation, which are solved numerically using the Nactsheim-Swigert shooting technique together with Runge-Kutta six order iteration scheme. The accuracy of the numerical method is tested by performing various comparisons with previously published work and the results are found to be in excellent agreement. Numerical results for velocity, temperature and concentration distributions as well as skin-friction coefficient, Nusselt number and Sherwood number are discussed at the sheet for various values of physical parameters.