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M. Pisarek, A. Roguska, L. Marcon, M. Andrzejczuk and M. Janik-Czachor

The main requirements for titanium biomaterials are: (a) biocompatibility, (b) resistance to biological corrosion and (c) antisepticity. These requirements may be met by a new generation of titanium biomaterials with a specific surface layer of strictly defined microstructure, chemical and phase composition. Recently, various surface modifications have been applied to form a bioactive layer on Ti surface, which is known to accelerate osseointegration.

The purpose of this study was to investigate bioactivity of porous calcium phosphate coatings prepared by a direct electrodeposition on Ti surface from a modified Hanks’ solution. The thick 200 nm coatings, were prepared via cathodic polarization at constant voltage -1.5 V vs. OCP in a Hanks’ solution. In order to evaluate the potential use of the coatings for biomedical applications, the adsorption of bovine serum albumin (BSA), the most abundant protein in blood, and living cells attachment (osteoblasts, U2OS) were studied. The observed differences in living cells attachment suggest a more promising initial cellular response of Ca-P coatings with a pre-adsorbed albumin.

The topography and a cross-section view of the Ca-P coatings were characterized using SEM and STEM techniques. The surface analytical techniques (AES, XPS, and FTIR) were used to characterize their chemical composition before and after protein BSA adsorption.

Open access

O. Zgalat-Lozynskyy, M. Herrmann, A. Ragulya, M. Andrzejczuk and A. Polotai

Consolidation of commercially available titanium nitride nanostructured powder as well as nanocomposite powders in the Si3N4-TiN and TiN-TiB2 systems have been performed by Spark Plasma Sintering (SPS) in the temperature range from 1200°C to 1550°C. The effect of non-linear heating and loading regimes on high melting point nanocomposites consolidation has been investigated.

Open access

A. Roguska, A. Belcarz, P. Suchecki, M. Andrzejczuk and M. Lewandowska

Abstract

Problem of post-operative infections of implant materials caused by bacterial adhesion to their surfaces is very serious. Enhancement of antibacterial properties is potentially beneficial for biomaterials value. Therefore, the metallic and metallic oxide nanoparticles attract particular attention as antimicrobial factors. The aim of this work was to create nanotubular (NT) oxide layers on Ti with the addition of ZnO nanoparticles, designed for antibacterial biomedical coatings. Antimicrobial activities of titanium, TiO2 NT and ZnO/TiO2 NT surfaces were evaluated against bacterial strain typical for orthopaedic infections: S. epidermidis. TiO2 NT alone killed the free bacterial cells significantly but promoted their adhesion to the surfaces. The presence of moderate amount of ZnO nanoparticles significantly reduced the S. epidermidis cells adhesion and viability of bacterial cells in contact with modified surfaces. However, higher amount of loaded nanoZnO showed the reduced antimicrobial properties than the medium amount, suggesting the overdose effect.

Open access

A. Roguska, A. Belcarz, P. Suchecki, M. Andrzejczuk and M. Lewandowska

Problem of Post-operative infections of implant materials caused by bacterial adhesion to their surfaces is very serious. Enhancement of antibacterial properties is potentially beneficial for biomaterials value. Therefore, the metallic and metallic oxide nanoparticles attract particular attention as antimicrobial factors. The aim of this work was to create nanotubular (NT) oxide layers on Ti with the addition of ZnO nanoparticles, designed for antibacterial biomedical coatings. Antimicrobial activities of titanium, TiO2 NT and ZnO/TiO2 NT surfaces were evaluated against bacterial strain typical for orthopaedic infections: S. epidermidis. TiO2 NT alone killed the free bacterial cells significantly but promoted their adhesion to the surfaces. The presence of moderate amount of ZnO nanoparticles significantly reduced the S. epidermidis cells adhesion and viability of bacterial cells in contact with modified surfaces. However, higher amount of loaded nanoZnO showed the reduced antimicrobial properties than the medium amount, suggesting the overdose effect.

Open access

M. Andrzejczuk, O. Vasylyev, M. Brychevskyi, L. Dubykivskyi, A. Smirnova, M. Lewandowska, K. Kurzydłowski, R. Steinberger-Wilckens, J. Mertens and V. Haanappel

Abstract

The structure of Ceria doped Scandia Stabilized Zirconia (1Ce10ScSZ) electrolyte film deposited by EB-PVD (Electron Beam-Physical Vapour Deposition) technique on NiO-ZrO2 substrate was characterized by electron microscopy. The highly porous substrate was densely covered by deposited film without any spallation. The produced electrolyte layer was of a columnar structure with bushes, bundles of a diameter up to 30 μm and diverse height. Between the columns, delamination cracks of few microns length were visible. The annealing of zirconia film at 1000 °C resulted in its densification. The columnar grains and delaminating cracks changed their shape into a bit rounded. High magnification studies revealed nanopores 5–60 nm formed along the boundaries of the columnar grains during annealing. High-quality contacts between the electrolyte film and anode substrate ensured good conductivity of the electrolyte film and high efficiency of SOFC.