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Ludmiła Walaszczyk

Abstract

The development of the knowledge-based economy requires undertaking many actions aimed at increasing competitiveness of enterprises. These actions include, among others, the execution of strategic research programs, which are characterized by a great number of levels, a multitude of objectives and results, and high budgets. In order for the program to be managed correctly, it is necessary to have a complex and effective evaluation system dedicated to such types of programs. The article presents a global case study analysis of the evaluation of strategic research programs. The author examines the evaluation criteria and methods used in the evaluation processes at different structural levels of the programs and different times. After getting the results from the analysis, then the author indicates the gaps, which appeared during the evaluation process, and indicates what steps should be taken in order to improve the evaluation process of a strategic research program.

Open access

Ireneusz Walaszczyk, Ludmila F. Kopaevich and Vladimir N. Beniamovski

ABSTRACT

Walaszczyk, I., Kopaevich, L.F. and Beniamovski, V.N. 2013. Inoceramid and foraminiferal record and biozonation of the Turonian and Coniacian (Upper Cretaceous) of the Mangyshlak Mts., western Kazakhstan. Acta Geologica Polonica, 63 (4), 469-487. Warszawa.

The Turonian and Coniacian (Upper Cretaceous) of the Mangyshlak Mts., western Kazakhstan, yielded a rich and relatively complete inoceramid bivalve record. The faunas and their succession correspond to those known from central and eastern Europe, allowing the zonation established in the latter areas to be applied in a virtually identical form. The gaps in the record of the group in Mangyshlak stem from the regional hiatuses in the geological record in the area and do not reflect any biogeographical differences between eastern and central-western Europe. Planktonic foraminifera are rare. Four successive interval range zones can be distinguished: in ascending stratigraphic order, the Helvetoglobotrunaca helvetica, Marginotruncaca pseudolinneiana, Marginotruncana coronata, and Concavotruncana concavata zones. Their correlation with the inoceramid zonation and, consequently, with the chronostratigraphic scheme, is demonstrated. The zonation and chronostratigraphic subdivision as applied in Mangyshlak may easily be applied to other areas of the peri-Caspian region (Caucasus, Tuarkyr, Kopet-Dagh, SE margin of the East-European Craton).