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Monika Krahulcová, Kristína Lépesová and Lucia Bírošová

Abstract

The prevalence of antibiotic resistant coliform bacteria and enterococci in fresh raw cow milk obtained from four vending machines in Slovakia was assessed. Also, differences in the number of antibiotic-resistant bacteria in milk according to season (winter and summer) were compared. Number of total coliform bacteria ranged from 2.45 to 4.18 log CFU/mL. Majority of them were resistant to ampicillin. This was expected due to their intrinsic resistance apart from Escherichia coli which is sensitive to ampicillin. In addition, we observed also tetracycline and gentamicin resistance. Each of our samples contained E.coli. Number of total enterococci ranged from 1.95 to 3.78 log CFU/mL. We have observed predominantly vancomycin resistance in all tested samples. In samples taken during winter we have found higher number of total and resistant coliforms as well as total enterococci compared to those taken during summer.

Open access

Eva Hybenová, Lucia Birošová, Kristína Nagyová, Júlia Štofirová, Nikoleta Šaková, Petra Olejníková and Barbora Kaliňáková

Abstract

The aim of this work was to evaluate presence and properties of lactic acid bacteria in the faeces of 240 volunteers with various nutrition habits (vegetarians versus meat-eaters). Lactic acid bacteria counts in all age groups were nearly 5 or 6 logarithmic orders. Significantly higher amounts were found in women. Subsequently, based on the age and dietary pattern of probands, four samples were selected for isolation of lactic acid bacteria and identification of isolates in order to assign them to bacterial species. About 80 lactic acid bacteria were isolated from the faeces of young (21-30 years) and older (51-60 years) vegetarians and meateaters. The identification of the isolates was based on their morphological and biochemical characteristics. Isolates belong to lactobacilli, bifidobacteria, enterococci and propionibacteria. Surprisingly, bifidobacteria were predominated in older age group. The following probiotic properties were determined: survival at low pH value, and bile salt hydrolase activity. All strains were negative in bile salt hydrolase activity, but their growth was not inhibited in the presence of bile. The results from the study of survival at low pH value showed considerable variability in both dietary groups regardless the age of probands. However, it can be concluded, that bacteria isolated from the samples of older probands were more sensitive to acid pH.