A new method for ship Inner Shell optimization, which is called Parametric Inner Shell Optimization Method (PISOM), is presented in this paper in order to improve both hull performance and design efficiency of transport ship. The foundation of PISOM is the parametric Inner Shell Plate (ISP) model, which is a fully-associative model driven by dimensions. A method to create parametric ISP model is proposed, including geometric primitives, geometric constraints, geometric constraint solving etc. The standard optimization procedure of ship ISP optimization based on parametric ISP model is put forward, and an efficient optimization approach for typical transport ship is developed based on this procedure. This approach takes the section area of ISP and the other dominant parameters as variables, while all the design requirements such as propeller immersion, fore bottom wave slap, bridge visibility, longitudinal strength etc, are made constraints. The optimization objective is maximum volume of cargo oil tanker/cargo hold, and the genetic algorithm is used to solve this optimization model. This method is applied to the optimization of a product oil tanker and a bulk carrier, and it is proved to be effective, highly efficient, and engineering practical.
Simulated transmission spectra for tapered fibers with no taper, one taper and two tapers in the near infrared wavelength range, calculated by Finite-Difference-Time-Domain method are currently presented. Transmission peak positions tend to shift to the shorter wavelength when the taper deformation is added to the fiber or the taper width gets narrower. The thickness sensitivity for the tapered structures with different taper thicknesses is about 2.28e-3 nm·µm−1. There is an interference structure in the electric field distribution images, which reveals in the fiber structures. The transmission spectra for the fiber without taper, one taper and two-tapered structures were simulated in near infrared wavelength by FDTD. The transmission spectra for tlated in near infrared wavelength by FDTD. The sensitivity of the fiber was about 50 nm × RIU−1 and it had better refractive index detection. The tapered fiber can be applied to the bio-chemical sensors and physical deformation testing.
Several Differentiation Formulas of Special Functions. Part III
In this article, we give several differentiation formulas of special and composite functions including trigonometric function, inverse trigonometric function, polynomial function and logarithmic function.
The article introduces simple continued fractions. They are defined as an infinite sequence of integers. The characterization of rational numbers in terms of simple continued fractions is shown. We also give definitions of convergents of continued fractions, and several important properties of simple continued fractions and their convergents.
Linear Congruence Relation and Complete Residue Systems
In this paper, we defined the congruence relation and proved its fundamental properties on the base of some useful theorems. Then we proved the existence of solution and the number of incongruent solution to a linear congruence and the linear congruent equation class, in particular, we proved the Chinese Remainder Theorem. Finally, we defined the complete residue system and proved its fundamental properties.
In this paper, we defined the quadratic residue and proved its fundamental properties on the base of some useful theorems. Then we defined the Legendre symbol and proved its useful theorems , . Finally, Gauss Lemma and Law of Quadratic Reciprocity are proven.
Application of Random Amplified Polymorphic DNA Analysis in Identifying Phellinus Igniarius Strains
Described in this paper, the random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) analysis was conducted with 20 random primers in various strains of Phellinus igniarius collected from different localities. The results showed that 17 of the 20 random primers were polymorphic ones. The DNA bands derived from each primer amplifying in tested strains ranged from 10 to 33. The size of the amplified DNA fragments ranged from 250 to 2000 base pairs. Of each test primer, a wide variation in banding profiles was observed among the 7 strains of P. igniarius. A total of 377 band positions were scored for all of the tested strains, which differed significantly among the bands from different primers. UPGMA cluster analysis subdivided the tested strains into two groups, which was helpful to find out the difference among the tested strains and to distinguish them directly.
Nursing models at home and abroad for breast cancer patients during the perioperative period were screened, including eight types of models: the nursing model guided by self-care theory, the plan–do–check–act cycle combined with the four-in-one model, the peer support nursing model, the nursing model guided by transcultural theory, the multidisciplinary cooperative nursing model, the knowledge–attitude–practice nursing model, the safe nursing management model, and the case nursing model. These models were analyzed and described with the aim of providing a reference for the clinical breast surgery nursing staff in China and for promoting the development of nursing in China for breast cancer during the perioperative period.