Fatima Pawełczyk, Leszek Chróst, Tadeusz Magiera, Adam Michczyński, Jarosław Sikorski, Konrad Tudyka and Ewelina Zając
A one-meter long peat core was taken from the peatland in Wolbrom (Silesian-Cracovian Upland, southern Poland). The analysis of the botanical composition showed that Wolbrom is a fen. Vegetation species such as Carex rostrata and Phragmites australis have been found. An age-depth model was constructed using 12 conventional radiocarbon dates and 13 lead-210 dates from the upper part of the deposit. In this work, the results of radiocarbon dating are presented. According to the model, we can estimate the age of the fen. The oldest part comes from a depth of 1.05 meter and its conventional age is 5940 ± 95 BP (modelled date 5000–4790 BC, 68.2% probability interval). The accumulation rate varies between approximately 0.53 mm·yr-1 and 6.48 mm·yr− 1.
The core has been also tested for the presence of trace elements (Co, Cr, Cu, Fe, Mn, Ni, Pb, Zn) using ICP-OES. There are considerable variations in the concentrations of the tested metals – in many cases the concentration starts to rise at about 40 cm and may be connected with the human activity. This depth corresponds to the modelled age intervals 355–300 BC (17.4%) and 205–45 BC (50.7%).
Ievgeniia Kocherova, Maciej Brązert, Patrycja Sujka-Kordowska, Aneta Konwerska, Magdalena Kulus, Błażej Chermuła, Piotr Celichowski, Hanna Piotrowska-Kempisty, Paweł Antosik, Dorota Bukowska, Małgorzata Bruska, Leszek Pawelczyk, Maciej Zabel, Michał Nowicki, Bartosz Kempisty and Michal Jeseta
Oxygen metabolism has an important role in the normal functioning of reproductive system, as well as the pathogenesis of female infertility. Oxidative stress seems to be responsible for the initiation or development of reproductive organ diseases, including polycystic ovary syndrome, endometriosis, preeclampsia, etc. Given the important role of maintaining balance between the production of ROS and antioxidant defence in the proper functioning of reproductive system, in the present study we aimed to analyse the expression of genes related to oxygen metabolism in porcine oviductal epithelial cells during long-term in vitro culture. The oviducts were collected from 45 crossbred gilts at the age of approximately nine months that displayed at least two regular oestrous cycles. The oviductal endothelial cells were isolated by enzymatic digestion to establish long-term primary cultures. Gene expression changes between 7, 15 and 30 daysof culturewere analysed with the use ofwhole transcriptome profiling by Affymetrix microarrays. The most of the “cellular response to oxidative stress” genes were upregulated. However, we did not observe any main trend in changes within the “cellular response to oxygen-containing compound” ontology group, where the gene expression levels were changed in various manner.
Running title: Oxygen metabolism in porcine oviductal epithelial cells
Agata Chamier-Gliszczyńska, Maciej Brązert, Patrycja Sujka-Kordowska, Małgorzata Popis, Katarzyna Ożegowska, Katarzyna Stefańska, Ievgeniia Kocherova, Piotr Celichowski, Magdalena Kulus, Dorota Bukowska, Leszek Pawelczyk, Małgorzata Bruska, Paweł Antosik, Michał Nowicki and Bartosz Kempisty
An oviduct is an essential organ for gamete transport, oocyte maturation, fertilization, spermatozoon capacitation and early embryo development. The epithelium plays an important role in oviduct functioning. The products of secretory cells provide an optimal environment and influence gamete activities and embryonic development. The oviduct physiology changes during the female cycle, thus, the ratio of the secreted molecules in the oviduct fluid differs between phases. In this study, a differential gene expression in porcine oviduct epithelial cells was examined during the long-term primary in vitro culture. The microarray expression analysis revealed 2552 genes, 1537 of which were upregulated and 995 were downregulated after 7 days of culture, with subsequent changes in expression during 30 day-long culture. The obtained genes were classified into 8 GO BP terms, connected with angiogenesis and circulatory system development, extracted by DAVID software. Among all genes, 10 most up-regulated and 10 most down-regulated genes were selected for further investigation. Interactions between genes were indicated by STRING software and REACTOME FIViz application to the Cytoscape 3.6.0 software. Most of the genes belonged to more than one ontology group. Although studied genes are mostly responsible for angiogenesis and circulatory system development, they can also be found to be expressed in processes connected with fertilization and early embryo development. The latter function is focused on more, considering the fact that these genes were expressed in epithelial cells of the fallopian tube which is largely responsible for reproductive processes.
Wiesława Kranc, Maciej Brązert, Katarzyna Ożegowska, Joanna Budna-Tukan, Piotr Celichowski, Maurycy Jankowski, Artur Bryja, Mariusz J. Nawrocki, Małgorzata Popis, Michal Jeseta, Leszek Pawelczyk, Mariusz Skowroński, Paweł Antosik, Dorota Bukowska, Małgorzata Bruska, Michał Nowicki, Maciej Zabel and Bartosz Kempisty
The efficiency of the process of obtaining mature oocytes, and then of porcine embryos in vitro depends on many factors and requires meeting many conditions. These include selection of morphologically appropriate oocytes, selection of appropriate medium components, as well as a number of abiotic factors (appropriate microenvironment during in vitro culture).
Oocytes were taken from 45 pubertal crossbred Landrace gilts. The BCB test was carried out. BCB + oocytes were divided into two groups: “before IVM” and “after IVM”. “Before IVM” oocytes were subjected to molecular analyzes immediately after collection, while “after IVM” oocytes underwent in vitro maturation and then the second BCB test. Oocytes that remained BCB+ after the second test were used for molecular analyzes using Affymetrix expression microarrays.
A group of genes responsible for response to organic substance and response to abiotic stimulus, which underwent significant changes (decrease) was discovered after oocyte in vitro maturation. Genes such as MM, PLDP, SERPINH, MYOF, DHX9, HSPA5, VCP, KIT, SERPINH1, PLD1, and VCP showed the largest decrease after the culture period. The levels of these genes were therefore elevated in oocytes before the in vitro maturation process.
In conclusion, a number of organic and abiotic factors have an impact on the process of the oocyte in vitro maturation. The presented results confirm the literature data in which the low efficiency of obtaining mature oocytes in in vitro conditions is mentioned, which further impacts the amount of viable embryos obtained.