We studied the scientific literature and disease guidelines in order to summarize the clinical utility of genetic testing for familial exudative vitreoretinopathy (FEVR). There is insufficient data to determine the prevalence of FEVR. Variations in the FZD4 (OMIM gene: 604579; OMIM disease: 133780), TSPAN12 (OMIM gene: 613138; OMIM disease: 613310) and ZNF408 (OMIM gene: 616454; OMIM disease: 616468) genes have autosomal dominant inheritance, whereas variations in LRP5 (OMIM gene: 603506; OMIM disease: 601813) have autosomal dominant or recessive inheritance and variations in NDP (OMIM gene: 300658; OMIM disease: 305390) have X-linked inheritance. Clinical diagnosis is based on clinical findings, family history, ophthalmological examination, fundoscopy, slit-lamp examination and fluorescein angiography. The genetic test is useful for confirming diagnosis and for differential diagnosis, couple risk assessment and access to clinical trials.