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  • Author: Laurentiu Rece x
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The Use of Tuned Mass Dampers for Reducing Structural Vulnerabilities During the Side Movements of Buildings with Reinforced Concrete Frames

Abstract

The present article aims to point out, with the help of a comparative research, the efficiency of tuned mass dampers, modern variants of consolidation ensuring seismic structural safety, used for buildings with a reinforced concrete structure, designed and produced according to the new codes. Case studies were based on structural computations in the linear elastic field using the ETABS program.

Open access
Innovative Calculation Method of the Productivity of Vibrating Screens Used in Mineral Aggregates Sorting

Abstract

In the process of preparing cement or asphalt concrete – frequently used in ways, roads and access road construction, it is necessary to sort out poly-dispersed granular mixtures from bilge deposits or quarries. The mechanical sieving performs the separation of the granules on dimensional sorts (the size of graded grains can be 1... 70 mm) by means of machines called screeners. In the case of vibrating screeners, the working body (the sieve) presents a vibratory movement that ensures a high productivity of the screening machine and a very good quality of the final products obtained. The article studies the productivity of the vibrating screen used in mineral aggregates sorting process obtained by different methods. In this regard, a pragmatic simplified formula called Pragma is proposed, a formula which was tested with good results in situ experiments done on a bi-mass vibrating screen in a pilot station.

Open access
Reducing the Seismic Vulnerability for RC Buildings by Using Steel Bracing Elements

Abstract

This article aims to highlight, through a comparative study, the efficiency of steel bracing systems used to reduce seismic vulnerabilities in existing buildings with reinforced concrete structures (reinforced concrete frames and reinforced concrete dual structures, general building structures including those used in transport infrastructure). In order to simplify the calculations, the analysis was reduced to the study of the behavior of resistance lines corresponding to four-, nine- and fifteen-level buildings with the same plane distribution. In order to obtain features similar to those of existing building elements, structures were initially loaded with seismic forces corresponding to code P13-63. The next step was to apply to previously dimensioned structures the seismic loads according to P100-3: 2008 in relation to P100-1: 2013, thus obtaining the deficiencies of the existing structures against the requirements of these norms. Correction of these strength and stiffness deficiencies was attempted by introducing X-shaped centric brace systems. The bracing systems used as consolidation methods are of three types: direct bracings stuck in the reinforced concrete frames and bracings of the indirect type, made of internal and external bracing steel frames. Structural calculations were made in the linear elastic field using the ETABS program.

Open access
Comparative Study on the Applicability of Analytical and Experimental Methods in the Analysis of the Safe Use of Rail Tankers Carrying Petroleum Products Under Pressure

Abstract

The safety of railways has been and remains a critical topic. Whether it is infrastructure or rolling stock, the issue of safety is a permanent concern of the utmost importance, being reflected in the efficiency of any transport system.

This paper focuses on the safety in operation of pressure vessels that equip railway tanks. There are many articles and works on this subject, and it is well-known that there are both national and international regulations regarding their design, execution, operation and maintenance. Also, there are quite a few reports on the BLEVE (Boiling Liquid Expanding Vapour Explosion) phenomenon resulting in material damage and significant casualties. The BLEVE-type explosion is not considered a chemical explosion derived from a gas-air explosive environment (also present in non-flammable gases), but rather a mechanical explosion through over-pressurization.

Thus, we propose a comparative study between the results obtained using theoretical methods and those obtained as a result of tensoresistive measurements on such a tanker.

Open access