Senior population is still a valuable resource for the labour market and for entrepreneurship. While ageing population is a global phenomenon and solution are needed to milder the economic impact, there are also to consider the positive outcomes related to the optimal use of potential in the senior population and the benefits of an active life upon the elderly. This paper focuses on the entrepreneurial activity of senior population at regional level in Romania (Bucharest-Ilfov and South-Muntenia), considering a panel of 200 limited liability companies established in the last 5 years, by a single shareholder aged 60+ years. The empirical descriptive study is mainly based on the information about these companies searched for on the Ministry of Finance website. The paper aims to answer questions related to entrepreneurial activity of grey population like e.g. fields of activity raising interest of senior entrepreneurs at regional level in Romania and size of companies in terms of employees’ number and yearly turnover. The paper presents few considerations in view of assessing some dimensions of this phenomenon of senior entrepreneurship at regional level in Romania, based on the data obtained for the last 5 years. The results of this analysis will be enhanced by a further study on the same panel addressing mainly motivational drivers to start-up a business.
The global pressing need to protect the environment, save energy and reduce greenhouse gas emissions worldwide has prompted the enterprises to implementing both individual energy saving measures and a more systematic approach to improve the overall enterprise’s energy performance. Energy management is becoming a priority as enterprises strive to reduce energy costs, conform to regulatory requirements, and improve their corporate image. As such, enterprises are encouraged to manage their energy related matters in a systematic manner and a more harmonized way, to ensure continual improvement on their energy efficiency. Despite the increasing interest in energy management standards, a gap persists between energy management literature and current implementation practices. The release of the ISO 50001 international standard was meant to help the organizations develop sound energy management systems and effective process-based energy management structures that could be recognized through third-party certification. Building on the energy management literature and energy management standards, the current paper presents the essential steps the enterprises should take to practically design a sustainable energy management system. Also, by using multiple case studies of enterprises that have implemented an ISO 50001 energy management system, it introduces a structured approach that companies can use to effectively develop their energy planning and improve energy performance. The key components of the enterprise’s energy planning are discussed, as well as practical examples of energy objectives and performance indicators from various industries are offered. The paper shows that by establishing an effective energy planning system, this will efficiently meet demands for achieving energy performance indicators and international certification.
The ageing of population is a global phenomenon and solutions are looked for in order to milder the economic impact. One alternative is supporting active ageing through development of entrepreneurship among senior population. Seniors are a valuable resource for entrepreneurship. They often have the skills, financial resources and time available to contribute to economic activity. This will lead to the growing prevalence of senior entrepreneurship. Engaging seniors in both business creation and in supporting new and existing entrepreneurs would maximize the quality of their working life, nurture intergenerational learning and ensure knowledge transfer. In this respect, the paper seeks to answer the following questions: What is the seniors’ perception about entrepreneurship and self-employment in Romania? How desirable is a self-employed career for senior population? What are the motivations of Romanian senior population to become self-employed? To achieve these objectives, the paper analyzes the pulse of self-employment in Romania for people from the age group 60+ years. The data used are extracted from the Amway Global Entrepreneurship Reports (AGER) developed for Romania, for the period 2014-2016. Analysis is conducted by taken into considerations the following dimensions of the “entrepreneurship perception”: attitude towards entrepreneurship, intention of starting a business, entrepreneurship career appealing and entrepreneurship motivations. The findings of the paper show that, in general, people over 60 years exhibit a decreasing positive perception about entrepreneurship that can be explained by multiple reasons. In the paper we raise some key issues that require consideration by policy makers in order to support senior entrepreneurship in Romania and improve seniors’ quality of life.
Carmen Păunescu, Mihaela Cornelia Popescu and Laura Blid
Organizations are increasingly subject to hazardous events and threats, which can be critical for their business operations and performance. Any natural, accidental, or deliberate incidents that happen to the organization can cause major disruptions to it. The present paper aims to examine the prerequisites for a sound business impact analysis necessary to build the organization’s business continuity management capability and ensure business resilience. It is meant to discover those critical functions and resources which are vital to business operations in a sample of small and medium-sized enterprises from a certain geographic area in Romania, in order to maintain their core operations and ensure business continuation. The research results rely on the data collected through face-to-face interviews from 119 Romanian companies. The research findings of the multiple linear regression employed indicate that, in undertaking business impact analysis for business continuity, it is vital for enterprises to identify the skills and level of expertise required from staff to carry out organization’s critical activities. Also it is critical for companies to identify alternative premises and systems and means of voice and data communication, as well as the priority suppliers/partners whom they depend on, necessary to undertake their critical activities. The study contributes to the literature by providing empirical evidence on the prerequisites of the organization’s business impact analysis that are critical to build a strong business continuity management capability. It also offers new insights to companies meant to generate a better understanding of current practices of undertaking a business impact analysis for business continuation in their organizations.