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Alexander Barkalov, Larysa Titarenko and Jacek Bieganowski

Reduction in the number of LUT elements for control units with code sharing

Two methods are proposed targeted at reduction in the number of look-up table elements in logic circuits of compositional microprogram control units (CMCUs) with code sharing. The methods assume the application of field-programmable gate arrays for the implementation of the combinational part of the CMCU, whereas embedded-memory blocks are used for implementation of its control memory. Both methods are based on the existence of classes of pseudoequivalent operational linear chains in a microprogram to be implemented. Conditions for the application of the proposed methods and examples of design are shown. Results of conducted experiments are given.

Open access

Alexander Barkalov, Larysa Titarenko and Sławomir Chmielewski

Reduction in the Number of PAL Macrocells in the Circuit of a Moore FSM

Optimization methods of logic circuits for Moore finite-state machines are proposed. These methods are based on the existence of pseudoequivalent states of a Moore finite-state machine, a wide fan-in of PAL macrocells and free resources of embedded memory blocks. The methods are oriented to hypothetical VLSI microcircuits based on the CPLD technology and containing PAL macrocells and embedded memory blocks. The conditions of effective application of each proposed method are shown. An algorithm to choose the best model of a finite-state machine for given conditions is proposed. Examples of proposed methods application are given. The effectiveness of the proposed methods is also investigated.

Open access

Alexander Barkalov, Larysa Titarenko and Kamil Mielcarek


A method is proposed targeting a decrease in the number of LUTs in circuits of FPGA-based Mealy FSMs. The method improves hardware consumption for Mealy FSMs with the encoding of collections of output variables. The approach is based on constructing a partition for the set of internal states. Each state has two codes. It diminishes the number of arguments in input memory functions. An example of synthesis is given, along with results of investigations. The method targets rather complex FSMs, having more than 15 states.