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Open access

Mustafa Arican, Kurtuluş Parlak and Hüseyin Şahin


The objective of this study intended the application of the current technique of modified tibial tuberosity advancement (TTA)-rapid method in dogs with cranial cruciate ligament rupture (CrCL) and reports on the clinical outcome and complications. The study material consisted of 17 male dogs of different breeds between the ages of 2-8 years, average weight of 32 kg with a diagnosed unilateral CCL rupture. Hudson Visual Analog Scale (HVAS)-Walking Test Rating, Canine Brief Pain Inventory (CPBI)-Pain Rating) were examined, and rupture of the CCL was diagnosed based on direct radiographic examination. The pre-operative evaluation of the implant to be used in TTA-Rapid technique was determined by measuring radiographic images of the CCL in dogs. Post-operative evaluation in the 1st, 2nd, and at 3 month was performed by radiographic examination, gait and pain tests. Major complications were recorded in 17.6% of the cases. Fourteen (82.4%) dogs had a good to excellent outcome 3 months after surgery. Lameness and pain assessment were performed up to 15 days prior to the operation and 1, 2, and 3 months after the TTA-Rapid technique procedure.

It can be concluded that TTA-Rapid technique procedure is a fast, easy to learn and non-invasive treatment of CrCL ruptures in dogs.

Open access

Mustafa Arican, Kurtuluş Parlak, Mehmet Ege Ince and Hasan Güzelbekteş


The aim of this study was to investigate the use of endoscopy jointly with gastropexy in dogs as a potential mean to aid prevention and evaluation of the long-term efficiency of this procedure for gastric dilatation-volvulus.

The study was performed on ten healthy adult medium- and large-breed dogs. The dogs had no abnormal finding upon physical examination and each underwent an endoscopically assisted gastropexy procedure. After surgery all dogs were in good condition. The surgical procedure was followed by x-ray and ultrasonographic examinations. The records included data for gastropexy anatomic location and length, duration of the surgical procedure and complications.

The mean ± SD gastropexy length was 3.0 ± 0.25 cm, as determined by ultrasonography, and the mean duration of the surgical procedure was 20 ± 5 minutes.

It appears that endoscopically assisted gastropexy is a simple, fast, safe, and reliable method of performing a prophylactic gastropexy in dogs. This procedure maximizes the benefits of decreased morbidity and shorter duration of anaesthesia associated with minimally invasive surgery.

Open access

Ramazan Yildiz, Mahmut Ok, Merve Ider, Ugur Aydogdu, Amir Naseri, Kurtulus Parlak and Erdem Gulersoy


Introduction: Intestinal obstruction such as atresia coli causes pathophysiological changes in gastrointestinal tissue due to the rise of intra-abdominal pressure. The aim of this study is to determine the intestinal damage with intestinal biomarkers in calves with atresia coli.

Material and Methods: The study was conducted on 40 Holstein calves diagnosed with atresia coli with mild to moderate abdominal distention and 10 healthy Holstein calves which served as the control. Blood samples were collected from all calves, and then serum concentrations of intestinal biomarkers were estimated, namely intestinal fatty acid binding protein (IFABP), liver fatty acid binding protein (LFABP), trefoil factor 3 (TFF3), and intestinal alkaline phosphatase (IAP), using commercially available specific bovine ELISA kits. An automatic blood gas analyser was employed for determining the lactate concentration.

Results: The concentrations of serum LFABP (P < 0.01), IFABP, TFF3, IAP, and blood lactate (P < 0.001) were significantly higher in calves with atresia coli than in healthy calves.

Conclusion: The calves affected with atresia coli exhibited severe intestinal damage, and IFABP, LFABP, and TFF3 have significant diagnostic importance and play a useful role in determining the intestinal damage due to intestinal obstruction. High levels of IAP and lactate may serve as a signal for the development of intestinal injury.