The article analyses the method of enhancing a steel beam by adding additional steel members like ribs. They are rigidly connected with both flanges in a plane parallel to the web. That plates reduces warping during in-plane bending of steel beam under lateral-torsional bucking. Different thicknesses of steel plates used as ribs and different cross-sections were taken into account. Calculations were conducted using FEM and ABAQUS CAE environment. The outcomes were compared with ones from previous studies which concerned an influence of endplates on load-bearing capacity of an I-beam.
In order to meet social needs and create new social relations, the EU Commission classified under the concept of social innovations, development and implementation of new ideas (products, services, models). In rural areas, this kind of social needs is represented among others by the need of solving the issue of domestic wastewater treatment. The paper describes the imple-mentation of sewerage development program in Poland, as well as problems derived from large value variation of factors encoun-tered characterising the domestic sewage contamination. In view of the current state, the environmental risks due to improper use of domestic wastewater treatment technologies were specified.
Current tendencies in electronics and informatics development going towards Internet of Things (IoT), Big Data or Data Cloud technologies create new possibilities in acquiring and utilizing data. The article presents the concept of modular monitoring of vehicles operating parameters. Presented device registers data from the OBD system and a set of independent, configurable sensor modules. Data from the OBD system is acquired via protocol. CAN Bus with a DLC connector. The signal from sensor modules is transferred via a Bluetooth wireless network. The registered data can be storage on board as CD card memory or alternatively on a typical user interface such as laptop, tablet, cell phone etc. The communication with the user interface is realised with USB. Moving vehicles modular monitoring system presented in the article can be used to attain a fuller representation of the vehicles state in relation to its environment. The base assumption of the device is maximal flexibility in term of sensors versality as well as possibilities of assembly on board. In connection with the concept, a prototype of the device was made and tested with an inertial measurement unit (IMU) module and a pressure sensor. Appliances modules are based on Cortex M4 and M0 processing units. A users interface in LabVIEW and examples of registered signals are showed at the end of the article.
The paper presents numerical calculations of the influence of implementation technology for underpinning the footing on settlement, with the use of finite element method. Three cases of underpinning methods were taken for calculations, depending on the diameter of the jet grouting column and the order of works. The intensity of settlement of the base of the footing foundation is significantly influenced by the growth of Young’s modulus and the jet grouting column with time, until its complete curing and reaching final technological parameters.