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  • Author: Krzysztof Jaskólski x
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Open access

Andrzej Felski and Krzysztof Jaskólski

Abstract

Commonly used AIS devices on the ships covered by SOLAS Convention creates ideas of the use of AIS data in the situation of the risk of collision. AIS position report is a source of supplementary information derived from error leveraged radar measurement. However, many of users has opinions with regard to inconsistent AIS dynamic data in the process of decision-making by the officer of the watch. Taking into consideration the recordings of the studies and technical specification of AIS, the results of inconsistent data has been analysed in the context of collision avoidance

Open access

Krzysztof Jaskólski

Abstract

The problem of the safety navigation considered only in terms of position error measurement, seems to be solved on a global scale. Thus, the operational characteristics of radio navigation systems such as availability are equally important. The integrated navigation system operate in a multi-sensor environment and it is important to determinate a temporal validity of data to make it usable in data fusion process. In the age of digital data processing, the requirements for continuity, availability, reliability and integrity information are already grown. This article analyses the problem of time stamp discrepancies of dynamic AIS class B position reports. For this purpose, the statistical summary of Latency Position Reports, derived from class B units has been presented. The navigation data recordings were conducted during 82 days of August, September and November 2014 from 20 vessels located in area of VTS ‘Zatoka Gdańska’. On the base of Latency Position Reports class B it is possible to designate the availability of AIS information system. For this purpose, the model of availability of AIS binary data transmission and research outcomes have been presented.

Open access

Krzysztof Jaskólski

ABSTRACT

The problem of determining coordinates for the requirements of maritime navigation, considered only in terms of measurement error, seems to be solved on a global scale. In view of the above, the operational characteristics of radio navigation systems such as availability are equally important. This paper analyses the problem of AIS binary transmission availability. An attempt was made to assess the availability of the AIS service transmission channel based on dynamic measurements. For this purpose, the theory of Markov processes defined on a discrete state space was applied. The Criterion of state system availability was adopted, stochastic matrix of probabilities of transitions between the states of the availability and accessibility of states limit the probability of AIS. In this paper, the author proposed a model for the assessment of AIS Service availability. To meet the objective of the research, recorded data derived from the Southern Baltic and Danish Straits Base Stations were used.

Open access

Krzysztof Jaskólski

Abstract

The problem of determining geographic position considered only in terms of measurement error, seems to be solved on a global scale. In view of the above, from the nineties, the operational characteristics of radio-navigation systems are equally important. The integrated navigation system operate in a multi-sensor environment and it is important to determinate a temporal validity of data to make it usable in data fusion process. In the age of digital data processing, the requirements for continuity, availability, reliability and integrity information are already grown. This article analyses the problem of time stamp discrepancies of dynamic position reports. For this purpose, the statistical summary of Latency Position Reports has been presented. The navigation data recordings were conducted during 30 days of March 2014 from 19 vessels located in area of Gulf of Gdansk. On the base of Latency Position Reports it is possible to designate the availability of AIS system.

Open access

Krzysztof Jaskólski

Abstract

Due to the safety reason, the ship movement on the littoral area should be monitored, tracked, recorded and stored. Automatic Identification System (AIS) is the perfect tool to ensure this requirement. The limit probability for the AIS dynamic data availability can be limited by the lack of Global Position System (GPS) signal, heading (HDG) and rate of turn (ROT) data in position report. Availability of data link is an additional limitation. For this purpose, it is possible to attach the Discrete Kalman filter (KF) for the position, and course estimation. Coordinate estimation in the absence of a transmission link can improve the quality of AIS service at Vessel Traffic Service (VTS) stations. This article presents Kalman filtering algorithm to improve the possibilities of ship motion tracking and monitoring in the TSS (Traffic Separation Scheme) and fairways area. Only 39 iterations were presented to familiarize how the Kalman filter algorithm works. The archival data from 2006 were used deliberately. During that time, there were problems with the AIS availability service. With the use of measurements series from those years, it is easier to observe the effectiveness of Kalman filter in absence of AIS data.

Open access

Krzysztof Jaskólski

Abstract

Resolution of International Maritime Organization (IMO Res. A.424 (XI)), International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea (SOLAS V/19.2.5) and consequently ‘Provisions Survey of Ships Marine’, part V, contained in the Polish Register of Shipping impose an obligation to fit ships with gyro-compass as one of the most complex marine equipment has found in the curricula of seafarers at the operational level (IMO Model Course 7.03). Curriculum involves the use real navigation devices. In addition, the adaptation of teaching facilities to meet the needs of the training process often requires the development of educational aids in the form of simulators and applications that represent the construction and operation of navigation devices. The article presents possibilities of the application - gyro-compass simulator developed for the requirements of the Institute of Navigation and Maritime Hydrography PNA. Among others, the program is used to simulate the conditions in which you can expect the occurrence of different types of gyro-compass deviation. Designed software is expected to improve the educational process, to help the students assimilate the content of the curriculum in the field of classic gyro-compasses and familiarize trainees with static and dynamic errors occurring with the change of operating conditions.

Open access

Andrzej Felski and Krzysztof Jaskólski

ABSTRACT

Common use of shipboard AIS creates conditions for the use of a new kind of dynamic data in the situation of the risk of collision. AIS position report is a source of supplementary information derived from error leveraged radar measurement. However, in view of the results of the studies there are opinions with regard to inconsistent AIS dynamic data in the process of decision-making by the officer of the watch. By taking into consideration the recordings of the studies and technical specification of AIS it can be concluded that the results of inconsistent data have significant role in collision avoidance manoeuvring.