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Katsunobu Izutsu

Abstract

This study advances an analysis of the event conception of aspectual forms in four East Asian languages: Ainu, Japanese, Korean, and Ryukyuan. As earlier studies point out, event conceptions can be divided into two major types: the moving-event type and the moving-participant type, respectively. All aspectual forms in Ainu and Korean, and most forms in Japanese and Ryukyuan are based on that type of event conception. Moving-participant oriented Ainu and movingevent oriented Japanese occupy two extremes, between which Korean and Ryukyuan stand. Notwithstanding the geographical relationships among the four languages, Ryukyuan is closer to Ainu than to Korean, whereas Korean is closer to Ainu than to Japanese.

Open access

Katsunobu Izutsu and Mitsuko Narita Izutsu

Abstract

This study addresses the phenomenon called “spacing out” or “delay” to show that speaking and writing condition the language users to assume distinct conceptions of language production, thereby motivating significantly different (uses of) grammatical devices within as well as across languages. We demonstrate that mental gaze monitoring and linguistic form manipulation serve as language production management in the speech event and writing event conceptions, respectively.