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Jacek Caban and Kateryna Kravchenko

Abstract

Distribution of dairy products is one of the most important activities in the production process deciding about the organization of production and the course of technological processes. Such products should be provided with suitable containers with protective coatings, maintain the appropriate temperature during transport, and most importantly, the sterility of the means of transport. Choosing the right packaging for perishable products is not an easy matter, as it has to fulfil many functions. The article presents some aspects of the packaging system and legal conditions for the distribution of selected dairy products. In the first chapter, short introduction for the issue of packaging market of dairy products is presented. Second chapter outlines the selected legal acts regarding food transport in Poland. Selected aspects in terms of choosing the type of packaging and used materials are described in chapter 3. The last chapter contains conclusions and final remarks for the distribution of selected dairy products.

Open access

Miroslav Blatnický, Kateryna O. Kravchenko and Ján Dižo

Abstract

This article is focused on the stress analyses of the welded structure of the device designed to the scales calibrating with maximum loading capacity up to ten tons. The article includes basic knowledges of the theory of elasticity and stress analysis and numerical method called Finite Element Method that were used for the task solution. Cores of the work were stress analyses of selected parts of the designed structure of the device. For stress analyses the ADINA numerical software was used. Results of analyses of the primary design device showed that strength in same locations did not respond to the required maximal load. The structure in critical locations was modified and subsequently reanalyses confirmed the sufficient strength with prescribed safety factor.