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  • Author: Katarzyna Malinowska x
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Katarzyna Malinowska, Ryszard Malinowski and Mateusz Studziński


The influence of copper salt, in a concentration range of 50–150 mg·dm−3, on the physiological response of basket willow was studied on Tora variety, which were grown in hydroponics. Content of assimilation pigments, relative water content (RWC), water saturation deficit (WSD), intensity of assimilation and transpiration, stomatal conductance, photosynthetic rate of water use efficiency (WUE) and instantaneous photosynthetic rate of water use (WUEI) were determined in leaves. It was observed that the decrease in the concentration of tested physiological parameters correlated with the increase in copper salt doses in the medium. The assimilation and transpiration of basket willow were significantly limited by stomata. The addition of copper salt to the medium increased WSD in leaves of the basket willow. The obtained results of the studied physiological parameters may prove useful for the assessment of resistance of the studied willow cultivar to stress caused by increased copper ion content in medium and its applicability in reclamation of areas degraded by humans.

Open access

Katarzyna Malinowska, Roman Modranka, Ireneusz Majsterek and Piotr Misiak


The aim of the study was to analyze the physicochemical synthesized complex 3 [(1,3- thiazol -2- ylimino) methyl)]-4H- chromene -4 -one with tetrachloroplatinate(II) dipotassium and determination peroxidase activity and glutathione (GPX) in red blood cells of cancer patients and healthy subjects. Materials and methods. Tests were carried out with the approval of the Bioethics Committee No. RNN/260/08/KB. Blood was collected into tubes with anticoagulant (heparin lithium). Determination of glutathione peroxidase activity was performed by methods of Little and O’Brien in 20 person groups hospitalized at the Department of General and Colorectal Surgery Veterans General Hospital in Łódź. Results. The study was an increase of activity in the control without the compound and after the introduction of the complex relative to the treatment groups. In healthy subjects, without the use of glutathione peroxidase complex averaged 73.25 ± 23.88 U / g Hb after application of the compound corresponds to the reference group 81.01 ± 25.94 U / g Hb. In contrast, in patients without the use of the complex activity amounted to 42.85 ± 27.49 U / g Hb. In the study group, which uses synthesized complex GPX activity corresponds to 67.72 ± 13.44 U / g Hb. Conclusions. The obtained results underline that the introduction of significant blood antioxidant complex research has a significant impact on the results of the determinations. Statistically significant (p < 0.05) difference occurred in both test and no relation to the administration of the complex in relation to the control of 1. 2.

Open access

Katarzyna Malinowska, Michał Mik, Łukasz Dziki, Adam Dziki and Ireneusz Majsterek


Cancers are among the most feared diseases of modern civilization. In Poland, colorectal cancer is one of the tumors with the worst prognosis. The ability to cure is primarily dependent on the stage of the disease at the time of diagnosis.

The aim of the study was evaluate antioxidant response in patients with colorectal carcinoma.

Material and methods. Twenty patients (14 men and 6 women) aged 61.9± 11.1 years with colorectal cancer were included in the study. Twenty healthy subjects (4 men and 16 women) aged 64 ± 15.3 years formed the control group. The erythrocyte activities of antioxidant enzymes, superoxide dismutase (SOD), and glutathione peroxidase (GPx),

Results. A significant increase of GPx, and SOD (p < 0.05) were seen in patients compared to healthy controls.

Conclusion. The results indicate that the tested antioxidant enzyme activity of glutathione peroxidase and superoxide dismutase is increased in patients diagnosed with colorectal cancer compared to the control group.

Open access

Katarzyna Kubiak, Katarzyna Malinowska, Ewa Langer, Łukasz Dziki, Adam Dziki and Ireneusz Majsterek

Effect of Cu(II) Coordination Compounds on the Activity of Antioxidant Enzymes Catalase and Superoxide Dismutase in Patients with Colorectal Cancer

Colorectal cancer (CRC) is a serious medical and economical problem of our times. It is the most common gastrointestinal cancer in the world. In Poland, the treatment and detection of CRC are poorly developed and the pathogenesis is still unclear. One hypothesis suggests a role of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in the pathogenesis of CRC. Experimental studies in recent years confirm the participation of ROS in the initiation and promotion of CRC.

The aim of the study was to examine the effect of the following coordination compounds coordination compounds: dinitrate (V) tetra(3,4,5-trimethyl-N 1-pyrazole-κN 2) copper(II), dichloro di(3,4,5-trimethyl-N 1-pyrazole-κN 2) copper(II), dinitrate (V) di(1,4,5-trimethyl-N 1-pyrazole-κN 2) copper(II), dichloro di(1,3,4,5-tetramethyl-N 1-pyrazole-κN 2) copper(II) on the activity of antioxidant enzymes superoxide dismutase (SOD, ZnCu-SOD) and catalase (CAT) in a group of patients with colorectal cancer (CRC) and in the control group consisting of patients with minor gastrointestinal complaints.

Material and methods. The study was conducted in 20 patients diagnosed with colorectal cancer at the age of 66.5±10.2 years (10 men and 10 women) versus the control group of 20 people (10 men and 10 women) aged 57.89±17.10 years without cancer lesions in the biological material - hemolysate prepared in a proportion of 1ml of water per 1 ml of blood. CAT activity was measured by the Beers method (1952), while SOD activity was measured by the Misra and Fridovich method (1972).

Results. We found that patients with CRC showed a statistically significant decrease of SOD and CAT activity (CAT - 12,75±1.97 U/g Hb, SOD - 1111.52±155.52 U/g Hb) in comparison with the control group (CAT - 19.65±2,17 U/g Hb, SOD - 2046.26±507.22 U/g Hb). Simultaneously, we observed that the investigated coordination compounds of Cu(II) significantly increased the antioxidant activity of CAT and SOD in patients with CRC (mean: CAT 25.23±4.86 U/g Hb, SOD - 3075.96±940.20 U/g Hb).

Conclusions. Patients with colorectal cancer are characterized by reduced activity of antioxidant enzymes catalase and superoxide dismutase which suggests impaired antioxidant barrier. Therefore, coordination compounds of Cu (II), which enhance the activity of CAT and SOD, may prove useful in the prevention and treatment of colorectal cancer.

Open access

Piotr Misiak, Sławomir Jabłoński, Jerry Lazarek, Katarzyna Malinowska, Edyta Santorek-Strumiłło and Artur Terlecki


The cholecystectomy procedure is the most routinely performed intervention in general surgery. The current international gold standard is via the laparoscopic approach. It is a safe, minimally-invasive procedure; however, it is associated with complications in 1% of cases.

The aim of the study was to analyze patient feedback, by means of a survey, to determine how much knowledge patients possessed about their disease state and proposed surgical intervention, based primarily on information contained within the informed consent form developed by the Association of Polish Surgeons.

Material and methods. This study involved the participation of 51 patients who underwent laparoscopic cholecystectomy, indicated by a diagnosis of gallstones, in the years 2014 and 2015.

Results. Despite having signed the informed consent form, there was considerable variation among the responses given to the survey by the 51 patients in this study. Some patients’ responses were tangential to the questions asked; many patients did not respond to any of the sub points.

Conclusions. Given that this study is based on a small sample size of patients, it must be presumed that the process by which the patient declares his or her informed consent requires further consideration with respect to the means by which it is obtained. The authors of this study thus recommend that multimedia resources be harnessed as part of the process of obtaining the informed consent of patients prior to surgical intervention.