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Andrzej Jarosiński and Katarzyna Fela

The optimization of low-magnesium zinc concentrate production process

In this paper the result of the study on chemical leaching of zinc concentrate with H2SO4 solution was presented. The object of this work was to assess the effect of some parameters such as acid concentration, the leaching agent amount /stoichiometry amount or excess of acid were applied/, reaction time and temperature on the process. The investigation was performed as a active experiment according to Hartley's plan. The process optimisation procedure was based on the fuzzy logic system. Mainly, the parameters such as magnesium leaching efficiency and zinc losses were taken into account. It was stated that the highest magnesium leaching efficiency of 77.8% with low Zn-losses was reached when H2SO4 solution concentration was 2.5% for 20%-excess of acid, at temperature 25°C and process time of 1 hour.

Open access

Andrzej Jarosiński and Katarzyna Fela

Application of sulphuric(VI) acid leaching for magnesium removal from zinc concentrate

In this paper the results of investigation of magnesium removal from raw zinc concentrate have been presented. The raw materials derive from ZG Trzebionka and ZGH Bolesław. The differences in zinc and magnesium contents are characteristic of these materials. The experiments were carried out in the periodical reactor at 25°C using the H2SO4 solution of 20, 50, and 70%(v/v) concentration. The weight ratio of the solid phase to the liquid phase was 1:10 and 1:2. On the basis of the experimental results it can be stated that the application of sulphuric(VI) acid leaching permits to increase the zinc yield in Zn-Pb ore processing. This method permits to obtain zinc concentrate containing more than 60% Zn and MgO below 0.3% and CaO about 1.4%.

Open access

Katarzyna Fela, Krystyna Wieczorek-Ciurowa, Michał Konopka and Zenon Woźny

Present and prospective leather industry waste disposal

In this paper general characteristics of the main leather industry waste regarding its amount reduction by thermal treatment have been presented. Both the tannery solid wastes and the sludge contain organic substances. Their energy value is more than 50% higher in comparison to hard coal (nominally 20 MJ/kg as dry material). Up to now, the considerable amounts of energy are not recovered; leather wastes are predominantly on landfill. Implementation of a comprehensive thermal method for tannery solid waste and sludge utilization can permit to solve the waste disposal problem by effective neutralization of all of the waste. Moreover, it should bring economic benefits associated with steam or hot water production and landfill tax avoiding. The study is oriented towards the practical application.