Iwona Cieślak, Dominika Strumiłło-Rembowska and Karol Szuniewicz
An important step in understanding how the real estate market functions is the process of determining the quality of properties, which is based on the principles of selecting their identifying features. It is a difficult process often affected by errors, which result from a subjective approach and a lack of clear methods of transition from identifying features to the assessment of their quality. An interesting starting point for carrying out the assessment of space quality might be its utilitarian perception.
Urbanized space is designed to meet the needs of humans, just like industrial products. As a result of this, methods of evaluating objects for the purpose of production optimization were adapted in order to determine the quality of utilitarian space, which can also be treated as properties subjected to market transactions. Quality is the state of fulfilling a given set of requirements. It surrounds us wherever we are to affect us. Quality is the guiding principle in using or purchasing any types of goods or services. Qualimetric methods, i.e. the theory of quality, are characterized by the principles and methods of measuring quality.
The aim of this paper is an attempt to apply qualimetric methods to determine the qualities of properties which form the basis for identifying urban space. The implementation of these methods for the purpose of identifying and quantifying the state of market features can become both an important tool in determining the market value of a property and giving rise to new directions of market analysis.
The system of pedestrian urban space is the primary source of information on the state of the space. Walking around a city, we are perceptually building in our mind its physiognomic silhouette, which becomes the basis for evaluating the attractiveness of a city. Unfortunately, pedestrian traffic is rarely the subject of careful planning and design. Usually it regulates itself or is a side-effect of building an extensive system of road communication. On the other hand, concepts of shaping this system as a primary one appear more and more often, and pedestrian space is seen as high priority public space.
The purpose of the article was to evaluate qualitative evaluation methods determining the current state of pedestrian pathways in the town Giżycko. Valuing quality, as a part of the science called qualimetrics, refers to determining the quality of objects which are the product of human activities, designed to meet the needs of human beings. At the root, it is a science relating to the determination of the quality of market items, supporting the production management process. As space, particularly urbanized, is created by people to satisfy their needs, it was concluded that quality valuation methods may also be useful to assess the quality of space. The article focuses on the quality of pedestrian routes that are essential to the central part of Giżycko. For these routes, the current state of the features identified as key for their quality was investigated, and quality classes of the routes were determined by analysis.
The procedure can be a tool supporting the planning and implementation of modernization and renovation works for the area of pedestrian communication, and thus the image of the city.