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  • Author: Kaloyan T. Ivanov x
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Summary

Multidrug-resistant (MDR) enterococci are a growing threat. The aim of this study was to determine the species distribution and prevalence of multidrug resistance among 100 enterococcal strains, isolated from patients treated in the University Hospital in Pleven, Bulgaria. Susceptibility to 11 antimicrobial agents was determined, using the disc diffusion method according to the performance standards of Clinical Laboratory Standards Institute (CLS1), 2012. All isolates were screened for high-level aminoglycoside resistance and resistance to vancomycin according to the recommendations of CLS1, 2012. For strains with reduced susceptibility to vancomycin, minimal inhibitory concentrations (MIC) of glycopeptides were determined by Etest (Liofilchem, Italy) and by Vitek 2 automated system. Our results demonstrated decreased susceptibility of enterococci to almost all intensively used anti-enterococcal drugs. Resistance to both penicillins (ampicillin and penicillin) among E.faecium strains was significantly higher (83-87%) than among E.faecalis isolates (4-27%). HLGR was detected in 70% of E.faecium and 38% of E.faecalis isolates. All HLGR strains were foundtobemultiple-drug resistant. Of particular note was the emergence of concomitant resistance to 6 antimicrobials in almost 50% of E.faecium isolates. Despite the wide dissemination of MDR E.faecium strains penicillins in our hospital, acquired resistance to vancomycin was not found.

Summary

Acute appendicitis due to Enterobius vermicularis, usually known as pinworm, is very rare and affects mostly children.According to different authors, it is controversial whether pinworms cause inflammation of the appendix or appendiceal colic only.We presentacase ofa14-year-old female with three subsequent hospitalizations in 1 month due to abdominal pain in the right lower abdomen, with rebound tenderness, normal CTscan and laboratory findings. During the last hospitalization, laparoscopic appendectomy was performed. Intraoperatively multiple pinworms were found in the appendix. These were trapped byastercolith in the appendicular base inanoninflamed and histologically normal appendix. Two oral doses of mebendazole were administered postoperatively. Uneventful postoperative period and postoperative follow-up showed lack of symptoms six months after the operation. Despite the widespread idea that acute appendicitis due to Enterobius vermicularis is very rare, it should always be considered in young female patients with repeated abdominal pain in the right lower abdomen with normal laboratory and radiologic findings.

Summary

Biliopancreatic derivation with duodenal switch (BPDDS) as an operative technique in the management of morbid obesity was created as an alternative to BPD (Scopinaro's operation), because of BPD-DS's fewer malabsorption side effects, better restrictive effect to the stomach remnant, fewer peptic ulcers and dumping syndromes, as well as lower morbidity and mortality rate. Between January 2003 and June 2012 in the University Hospital Center of Albacete, 141 patients with morbid obesity underwent BPD-DS. The patients were divided in groups according to four criteria: length of the common channel, age, gender and initial Body Mass Index. On the 6th postoperative year in our study the percent of excessive body weight loss was 67.6% and the percentage of excessive BMI loss was 73%. According to the evaluation announced by Hess D.S. & Hess D.W, our results could be assessed as successful after 6 months, good on the first year, excellent on the second, and good from 3rd to 9th postoperative years. Our results confirm the hypothesis that the biliopancreatic derivation with duodenal switch is a bariatric intervention, which leads to a significant weight loss, well preserved in time.

Summary

The variations of the cystic duct are so common that only 30% of all humans present the classical anatomical arrangement between the common bile duct (CBD), the cystic duct, and adjacent arteries. Thus, it could be considered that anomalies of the biliary tree are a rule rather than an exception. Duplication of the cystic duct, however, is a very uncommon anatomical finding. In the Department of General and Digestive Surgery of the University Hospital Complex Albacete, a 73-year-old patient was admitted with symptoms of cholangitis. He underwent emergency surgery that found exacerbated chronic cholecystitis and dilation of the CBD. Cholecystectomy was performed with identification of a double cystic duct that drained separately in the CBD and exploration of the last revealed cholangitis without choledocholithiasis. The postoperative period progressed favourably, proceeding to discharge from the hospital with Kehr drainage closed. In conclusion, we consider that the routine use of intraoperative cholangiography when there is suspicion of anatomical variations of the biliary tree is mandatory to rule out lesions or alterations thereof.

Summary

Gangliocytic paraganglioma (GP) is an uncommon finding in the periampullary region of the duodenum. In the Department of General and Digestive Surgery of the Albacete University Hospital Complex, a 45-years-old patient was diagnosed with a 17x13mm hypervascular nodular lesion in the descending part of the duodenum during an examination for hepatic hemangiomas. Ampullectomy was performed, followed by a favourable postoperative period. Histological analysis proved GP. There were no involvement of lymph nodes and a malignancy potential, so the clinical and radiological follow-up opted. In conclusion, because such tumours have unpredictable behavior, we recommend local resection of the tumour, except in cases in which local or ganglionic progression is suspected or confirmed, and thus cephalic pancreaticoduodenectomy (CPD) and lymphadenectomy are suggested.