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S. Hahn and K. Snopek

The unified theory of n-dimensional complex and hypercomplex analytic signals

The paper is devoted to the theory of n-D complex and hypercomplex analytic signals with emphasis on the 3-dimensional (3-D) case. Their definitions are based on the proposed general n-D form of the Cauchy integral. The definitions are presented in signaland frequency domains. The new notion of lower rank signals is introduced. It is shown that starting with the 3-D analytic hypercomplex signals and decreasing their rank by extending the support in the frequency-space to a so called space quadrant, we get a signal having the quaternionic structure. The advantage of this procedure is demonstrated in the context of the polar representation of 3-D hypercomplex signals. Some new reconstruction formulas are presented. Their validation has been confirmed using two 3-D test signals: a Gaussian one and a spherical one.

Open access

S.L. Hahn and K.M. Snopek


In a recent paper, the authors have presented the unified theory of n-dimensional (n-D) complex and hypercomplex analytic signals with single-orthant spectra. This paper describes a specific form of these signals called quasi-analytic. A quasi-analytic signal is a product of a n-D low-pass (base-band) real (in general non-separable) signal and a n-D complex or hypercomplex carrier. By a suitable choice of the carrier frequency, the spectrum of a low-pass signal is shifted into a single orthant of the Fourier frequency space with a negligible leakage into other orthants. A measure of this leakage is defined. Properties of quasi-analytic signals are studied. Problems of polar representation of quasi-analytic signals and of its lower rank representation are discussed.