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K. J. Ducki, K. Rodak, J. Mendala and L. Wojtynek

Abstract

The paper presents the results of research concerning the influence of hot plastic working parameters on the deformability and microstructure of a Ni-Fe superalloy. The research was performed on a torsion plastometer in the range of temperatures of 900-1150°C, at a strain rates 0.1 and 1.0 s-1. Plastic properties of the alloy were characterized by the worked out flow curves and the temperature relationships of flow stress and strain limit. The structural inspections were performed on microsections taken from plastometric samples after so-called “freezing”. The stereological parameters as the recrystallized grain size, inhomogenity and grain shape have been determined. Functional relations between the Zener-Hollomon parameter and the maximum yield stress and the average grain area have been developed and the activation energy for hot working has been estimated.

Open access

A. Urbańczyk-Gucwa, K. Radwański and K. Rodak

Abstract

The effect of second phase particles on grain refinement in CuFe2 alloy has been investigated by using rolling with the cyclic movement of rolls (RCMR) method. Two different population of second phase particles of Fe: coherent, about 10 nm in diameter and about 100 nm in size were obtained by applying aging treatment followed at 500°C for 2 h and at 700°C for 24 h respectively. In addition, solution treated samples were deformed by RCMR method at the same parameters. The microstructures of the CuFe2 alloy were analyzed using light microscope (LM), electron backscattered diffraction (EBSD) microscope technique and scanning transmission electron microscope (STEM). The presence of high-density of coherent Fe particles in the matrix inhibits recovery process and in the result obtained grain/subgrain boundaries have diffused character and are weakly visible. The largest particles which are not coherent with the matrix act as an effective barrier against the boundary motion.

Open access

Ł. Poloczek, B. Dybowski, K. Rodak, R. Jarosz and A. Kiełbus

Aluminium alloys are characterized by a low density, acceptable mechanical properties and good technological properties. This unique connection of features made aluminium alloys perfect structural material for the transportation industry. Also, due to their good electrical conductivity they also found application in energy production industry. High mechanical properties and electrical conductivity of the Al-Si alloys with Mg addition may be achieved by heat treatment. However, the highest mechanical properties are achieved in the early stages of age hardening - due to precipitation of coherent phases, while high electrical conductivity may be achieved only by prolonged aging, during precipitation of semi-coherent or fully noncoherent, coarse phases. Carefully heat treated AlSi7Mg alloy may exhibit both fairly high electrical conductivity and slightly increased mechanical properties. The following article present results of the research of influence of heat treatment on the properties and microstructure of sand cast AlSi7Mg alloy. Microstructure observations were performed using light microscopy, scanning electron and scanning-transmission electron microscopy. Hardness and electrical conductivity of the AlSi7Mg alloy were investigated both in as-cast condition and after heat treatment. Maximum hardness of the alloy is achieved after solutioning at 540°C for 8h, followed by 72h of aging at 150°C, while maximal electrical conductivity after solutioning at 540°C for 48h, followed by 96h of aging at 180°C. Increase of the electrical conductivity is attributed to increasing distance between Si crystals and precipitation of semi coherent phases.

Open access

A. Smołka, G. Dercz, K. Rodak and B. Łosiewicz

Evaluation of corrosion resistance of the self-organized nanotubular oxide layers on the Ti13Zr13Nb alloy, has been carried out in 0.9% NaCl solution at the temperature of 37ºC. Anodization process of the tested alloy was conducted in a solution of 1M (NH4)2SO4 with the addition of 1 wt.% NH4F. The self-organized nanotubular oxide layers were obtained at the voltage of 20 V for the anodization time of 120 min. Investigations of surface morphology by scanning transmission electron microscopy (STEM ) revealed that as a result of the anodization under proposed conditions, the single-walled nanotubes (SWNTs) can be formed of diameters that range from 10 to 32 nm. Corrosion resistance studies of the obtained nanotubular oxide layers and pure Ti13Zr13Nb alloy were carried out using open circuit potential, anodic polarization curves, and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) methods. It was found that surface modification by electrochemical formation of the selforganized nanotubular oxide layers increases the corrosion resistance of the Ti13Zr13Nb alloy in comparison with pure alloy.