Search Results

You are looking at 1 - 6 of 6 items for

  • Author: K. Konieczny x
Clear All Modify Search
Open access

J. Konieczny, K. Labisz, K. Głowik-Łazarczyk, J. Ćwiek and Ł. Wierzbicki

Abstract

In Poland, researchers have a very strong interest in archaeometallurgy, which, as presented in classical works, focuses on dating artefacts from the prehistoric and early medieval periods in the form of cast iron and copper castings. This study, extending the current knowledge, presents the results of a microstructure investigation into the findings from the Modern era dating back to the late Middle Ages. The investigated material was an object in the form of a heavy solid copper block weighing several kilograms that was excavated by a team of Polish archaeologists working under the direction of Ms Iwona Młodkowska-Przepiórowska during works on the marketplace in the city of Czestochowa during the summer of 2009. Pre-dating of the material indicates the period of the seventeenth century AD. The solid copper block was delivered in the form of a part shaped like a bell, named later in this work as a “kettlebell”. To determine the microstructure, the structural components, chemical composition, and homogeneity, as well as additives and impurities, investigations were carried out using light microscopy, scanning electron microscopy including analysis of the chemical composition performed in micro-areas, and qualitative X-ray phase analysis in order to investigate the phase composition. Interpretation of the analytical results of the material’s microstructure will also help modify and/or develop new methodological assumptions to investigate further archaeometallurgical exhibits, throwing new light on and expanding the area of knowledge of the use and processing of seventeenth-century metallic materials.

Open access

J. Konieczny, K. Labisz, M. Polok-Rubiniec and A. Włodarczyk-Fligier

Abstract

This paper presents the influence of casting method and anodic treatment parameters on thickness and structure of an anodic layer formed on aluminium alloys. As test materials was used the aluminium alloy AlSi9Cu3, which was adopted to the casting process and anodic treatment. In this paper are presented the wear test results and metallographic examination, as well as hardness of non-anodised and anodised alloys subjected to anodising process.

The investigations were performed using light and electron microscopy (AFM) for the microstructure determination. The morphology and size of the layer was also possible to determine. The anodising conditions for surface hardening and its influence on properties was analysed. The structure of the surface laser tray changes in a way, that there is a different thickness of the produced layer. The aluminium samples were examined in terms of metallography using the optical microscope with different image techniques as well as light microscope. Improving the anodization technology with appliance of different anodising conditions. Some other investigation should be performed in the future, but the knowledge found in this research concerning the proper process parameters for each type of alloy shows an interesting investigation direction. The combination of metallographic investigation for cast aluminium alloys – including electron microscope investigation – and anodising parameters makes the investigation very attractive for automobile industry, aviation industry, and others, where aluminium alloys plays an important role.

Open access

K. Konieczny and P. Czaja

Abstract

Na1-xLixNbO3 ceramics (for x = 0.08, 0.1, 0.2) were fabricated by the conventional solid state reaction method. The influence of LiNbO3 on the microstructure, electric, thermal properties of Na1-xLixNbO3 ceramics was studied and a significant influence of doped Li ions on the electrical properties was observed. The electrical properties were improved and are described as the best for x = 0.1 (near a morphotropic phase boundary) Na1–xLixNbO3 solid solutions. After crossing the morphotropic phase boundary for x = 0.2, the electric properties are getting worse. These types of solid compounds show some interesting properties suitable for practical applications.

Open access

M. Polok-Rubiniec, J. Konieczny, K. Labisz and A. Włodarczyk-Fligier

Abstract

This elaboration shows the effect of combined heat treatment and cold working on the structure and utility properties of alloyed copper. As the test material, alloyed copper CuTi4 was employed. The samples were subjected to treatment according to the following schema: 1st variant – supersaturation and ageing, 2nd variant – supersaturation, cold rolling and ageing. The paper presents the results of microstructure, hardness, and abrasion resistance. The analysis of the wipe profile geometry was realized using a Zeiss LSM 5 Exciter confocal microscope. Cold working of the supersaturated solid solution affects significantly its hardness but the cold plastic deformation causes deterioration of the wear resistance of the finally aged CuTi4 alloy.

Open access

J. Suchanicz, U. Lewczuk, K. Konieczny and E.M. Dutkiewicz

Abstract

Lead-free (Na0.5Bi0.5)1-xBaxTiO3 (x = 0, 0.04 and 0.06) ceramics were fabricated by conventional solid phase sintering process. X-ray diffraction analysis shows that obtained specimens possess the perovskite structure. The microstructure study shows a dense structure, in good agreement with the relative density determined by the Archimedes method (above 95 %). Electric permittivity anomaly is shifted to low temperature after Ba doping of NBT. The pyroelectric and hysteresis loops measurements show that polarization and coercive field increases and decreases, respectively, after Ba doping of NBT. The obtained results are discussed in terms of ions/lattice imperfections, which create local electromechanical fields. The investigated ceramics are considered to be promising candidates for lead-free electronic materials.

Open access

A. Włodarczyk-Fligier, K. Labisz, M. Polok-Rubiniec and J. Konieczny

Abstract

An huge interest is observed in last years in metal matrix composite, mostly light metal based, which have found their applications in many industry branches, among others in the aircraft industry, automotive-, and armaments ones, as well as in electrical engineering and electronics, where one of the most important issue is related to the corrosion resistance, especially on the surface layer of the used aluminium alloys. This elaboration presents the influence of ceramic phase on the corrosion resistance, quality of the surface layer its thickness and structure of an anodic layer formed on aluminium alloys. As test materials it was applied the aluminium alloys Al-Si-Cu and Al-Cu-Mg, for which heat treatment processes and corrosion tests were carried out. It was presented herein grindability test results and metallographic examination, as well. Hardness of the treated alloys with those ones subjected to corrosion process were compared.