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Justyna Stępień

Open access

Justyna Stępień

Abstract

The paper gives insight into the revaluation of popular Gothic aesthetics in Jim Jarmusch’s 2014 production Only Lovers Left Alive. Drawing on critical theory and the postmodern theoretical framework, the article suggests that the film transgresses contemporary culture immersed in a “culture of death” that has produced a vast amount of cultural texts under the rubric of “Gothicism.” By considering Jean Baudrillard’s concept of transaesthetics and Judith Halberstam’s writings on contemporary monstrosity, the paper shows that a commodified Gothic mode has lost its older deconstructive functions that operated on the margins of the mainstream. Now entirely focused on the duplication of the same aesthetic codes and signs, Gothic productions conform to the rules of postindustrial culture, enriching entertainment imagery with the neutralized concept of “otherness.” Hence, the article engages primarily with Jarmusch’s indie aesthetics that goes beyond easily recognizable patterns and generic conventions and allows the director to emphasize that the arts are rejuvenating forces, the antidote to a commoditized environment. Then, the focus is on the construction of main characters—Adam and Eve, ageless vampires and spouses—who thanks to nostalgic theatricality and performance reconfigure the mainstream monstrosity. Ultimately, the article emphasizes that Jarmusch’s film, to a large extent, becomes a warning against the inevitable results of advanced capitalism practiced on a global scale.

Open access

Sławomir Stępień and Justyna Grzesik

Abstract

The analysis of structural dependability of technical system, especially determining the change in dependability over time, requires knowledge on density function or the understanding of cumulative distribution function of components belonging to the structure. Based on previously registered data concerning component defect, it is relatively easy to establish the average uptime of component as well as the standard deviation for this time. However, defining distribution shape gives rise to some difficulties. Usually, we do not have the sufficient number of data at our disposal to verify the hypothesis regarding the distribution shape. Due to this fact, it is a common practice, depending on the case under consideration, to apply the function of defect density. However, the question arises: Does the incorrect determination of types of distributions of components leads to the big error of estimation results of dependability and system durability? This article will not respond to this question in whole, but one will conduct a comparison of calculation results for a few cases. The calculations were conducted for the exemplary technical system.

Open access

Sławomir Stępień and Justyna Grzesik

Streszczenie

Analiza niezawodności strukturalnej systemu technicznego, a zwłaszcza wyznaczenie zmiany niezawodności systemu w czasie, wymaga znajomości funkcji gęstości lub dystrybuant (zawodności) elementów wchodzących w skład struktury. Bazując na zarejestrowanych w przeszłości danych dotyczących uszkodzeń elementów, można w miarę łatwo wyznaczyć średni czas zdatnej pracy elementu oraz odchylenie standardowe dla tego czasu. Natomiast określenie postaci rozkładu nastręcza pewne trudności. Otóż z reguły nie dysponujemy dostateczną liczbą danych do weryfikacji hipotezy o postaci rozkładu. Z tego powodu powszechnie, w zależności od rozpatrywanego przypadku, zakłada się postać funkcji gęstości uszkodzeń. Powstaje pytanie: czy błędne określenie rodzajów rozkładów elementów powoduje duży błąd wyników oszacowania niezawodności i trwałości systemu? Niniejszy artykuł nie odpowie w pełni na to pytanie, ale zostanie dokonane porównanie wyników obliczeń dla kilku przypadków. Obliczenia zostały przeprowadzone dla przykładowego systemu technicznego.

Open access

Krzysztof Kołomecki, Piotr Maciaszczyk, Henryk Stępień, Jacek Cywiński, Justyna Cielecka, Tomasz Stępień and Krzysztof Kuzdak

Evaluation of Selected Indicators of Apoptosis in Patients with Thyroid Tumors

The aim of the study. Estimatation of p53 protein and soluble FasL ligand level concentration in serum of patients with benign and malignant primary follicular thyroid tumors as indicators of apoptosis and evaluation of their usefulness for early diagnosis of thyroid tumors.

Material and methods. 42 patients were qualified for the study. 28 patients were diagnosed with follicular neoplasm (NF) in preoperative fine-needle biopsy. The final verification was postoperative histopathology. Control group consisted of 14 patients with euthyroid goiter, with no cancerous cells detected in cytologic examination. All patients underwent surgical procedures. Levels of p53 and sFasL were marked on the day of admission, before surgery. Destinationes were made in the serum using the ELISA immunoenzymatic method. Obtained data underwent computer statistical analysis.

Results. The analysis revealed significantly higher sFasL and p53 concentration in blood of patients with follicular thyroid cancer in comparison with the control group. Similarly, p53 serum level was significantly higher in case of patients with benign thyroid adenoma than in the control group. Comparison between p53 and sFasL serum level in cases of patients with follicular cancer and follicular adenoma showed statistically higher sFasL blood concentration in cases of patients with follicular cancer; there was no statistically significant connection in case of p53 concentration.

Conclusions. 1. sFasL and p53 serum concentration are significantly higher in patients with follicular thyroid cancer than in the control group. 2.The p53 serum concentration is significantly higher in cases of all patients with benign thyroid adenoma than in the control group. There was no such correlation for sFasL concentration. 3. sFasL serum concentration is significantly higher in cases of patients with follicular thyroid cancer than in patients with benign thyroid adenoma. There was no such correlation with serum levels of p53.