Reduction of social loafing in the organization and increase of group synergy are integral objectives of human resource management, setting high requirements to the quality of managerial solutions. The purpose of this research is to develop managerial solutions that increase the effect of group synergy and reduce the spread of social loafing. The article analyses the concept of the social loafing phenomenon distinguishing the essential demotivators in work groups of organizations. The reasons of occurrence and existence of social loafing are analysed as well, differentiating them into groups. The authors also discuss beliefs and behaviour of employees in organizations that lead to the emergence and (or) suppression of the social loafing phenomenon. Based on a comparative and systemic logical analysis of scientific literature, as well as the results of empirical research, there are developed managerial solutions using the modelling method.
The purpose of this research is to elaborate development perspectives of the social group cohesion seeking to reduce the incidence of the phenomenon. The authors analyse theoretical and empirical studies on social loafing and based on this analysis try to identify the causes of the phenomenon. In the article, analysis of the concept of social loafing is presented, distinguishing the essential demotivating factors in working groups of organisations. Moreover, the reasons of occurrence and existence of social loafing are analysed in a way of grouping them. The beliefs of employees and their behaviours conditioned by them are discussed, determining the emergence and/or suppression of social loafing.