The metamagnetic properties of the manganese magnesium ferrites having the general formula Mn0.7Mg0.3Fe2O4 prepared by the standard ceramic technique have been studied. It is proposed that when a change of temperature at adequate magnetic field is applied in a Mn0.7Mg0.3Fe2O4 a magnetic phase transition will be generated, giving rise to an antiferromagnetic (AFM) state from ferrimagnetic (FM) phase. The critical transition field Hac = 300 A/m was estimated for critical magnetization curve of transition from the metamagnetic behavior to FM behavior of sample. The FM to AFM transition in these ferrites is accompanied by a Néel type to Yafet-Kittel type transition and gradual spin ordering changes of the unit cell volume. The application of an external magnetic field to the low-temperatures AFM state causes the sample to reset to the original FM state.
Hopkinson Effect Study in Spinel and Hexagonal Ferrites
The magnetic susceptibility shows a Hopkinson peak just below the Curie temperature TC when heating the selected hexagonal and spinel ferrite samples. It is proposed that this peak can be associated with a transition from stable magnetic state to super-paramagnetic relaxation above the blocking temperature up to the TC. The Hopkinson effect results are compared with SEM micrographs of both studied hexagonal and spinel ferrites.