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Andrzej Knapik, Jerzy Rottermund, Aneta Warmuz-Wancisiewicz and Jolanta Witanowska

Abstract

Background: Research of health determinants confirmed its beneficial relationships with the optimum level of physical activity at any age. The problem is the physical passivity of societies. In the elderly, this problem is of particular importance, which is conditioned by both biological factors and social. This justifies the diagnosis of relationships: the barrier activity - activity - well-being.

Material/Methods: 393peoplewere tested:216women and 177men aged65 -85 years. A questionnaire with closed questions was used as a tool in the research. Physical activity was examined using selected questions of Baecke questionnaire, barriers to physical activity using a scale KCS, and self-assessment of health - by using the SF-36.

Results: Correlation analysis of age and the activity showed a low relationship for the women and no relationship for the men. There were no differences in activity due to sex, either due to the occurrence of chronic diseases. There is a weak correlation between age and kinesiophobia among women, no relationship was found in the group of men. Prevalence of chronic diseases differentiated the level of kinesiophobia only in women. Analysis of health self-assessment showed a relatively well-being in the test - the average PC and MC were above 50 points.

Conclusions: Women represent a lower level of physical activity than men, but at an older age, these differences are no longer statistically significant. However, the level of activity barriers is still higher. Aging is a process which varies greatly individually, and this applies to activity, its barriers, and self-assessment of health. Age is not a category that fully explains the complex issues depending on the variables examined.

Open access

Aneta Warmuz-Wancisiewicz, Jolanta Witanowska, Paulina Ufniarz, Andrzej Knapik, Bożena Stemplewska and Beata Jarecka

Abstract

Introduction. Steadily growing market of medical services currently presents the patient as a client of medical facility. Narrowing the medical market to the pediatric ward, apart from meeting the needs and care of the sick child, the main goal is a good opinion of the parent. Aim. The aim of the study was to obtain the opinions of parents of hospitalized children about the professional tasks of pediatric nurses. Materials and methods. The survey was conducted in the group of 60 parents of children hospitalized in pediatric wards with the use of authors’ own questionnaire. Results. The majority of respondents (80%) believe that the continuing presence of a parent in the hospital is beneficial for the medical treatment of the child. The number of 76.7% believe that their presence in the hospital makes the child not feeling lonely while suffering. As many as 93.3% of parents said that nurses explain them all doubts and that they attempt to work with them for the recovery of the child. When it comes to 90% of respondents, they said that the aid and information on the care of a sick child received from the nurses are sufficient. As many as 68.3% believe that the nursing staff has a high level of professional skills, and 93.3% - that nurses provide physical and mental safety to hospitalized children. When it comes to 91.7% of parents, they said that nurses have respectful approach to the little patients. The working conditions of nurses in the opinion of 68.3% of respondents have an impact on their child care. Conclusions. Caregivers positively evaluate the work done by nurses in the wards. Nurses spend with children the right amount of time. In the opinion of parents, working conditions of nurses have an impact on their work with the child. Most parents claim that the work of nurses is responsible, physically and mentally hard, and it requires patience and composure.