Search Results

1 - 2 of 2 items

  • Author: John Baptist Gauci x
Clear All Modify Search

Abstract

A vertex cut of a connected graph G is a set of vertices whose deletion disconnects G. A connected graph G is super-connected if the deletion of every minimum vertex cut of G isolates a vertex. The super-connectivity is the size of the smallest vertex cut of G such that each resultant component does not have an isolated vertex. The Kneser graph KG(n, k) is the graph whose vertices are the k-subsets of {1, 2, . . . , n} and two vertices are adjacent if the k-subsets are disjoint. We use Baranyai’s Theorem on the decompositions of complete hypergraphs to show that the Kneser graph KG are super-connected when n ≥ 5 and that their super-connectivity is n ( n/2) − 6 when n ≥ 6.

Abstract

A nut graph is a singular graph with one-dimensional kernel and corresponding eigenvector with no zero elements. The problem of determining the orders n for which d-regular nut graphs exist was recently posed by Gauci, Pisanski and Sciriha. These orders are known for d ≤ 4. Here we solve the problem for all remaining cases d ≤ 11 and determine the complete lists of all d-regular nut graphs of order n for small values of d and n. The existence or non-existence of small regular nut graphs is determined by a computer search. The main tool is a construction that produces, for any d-regular nut graph of order n, another d-regular nut graph of order n+2d. If we are given a sufficient number of d-regular nut graphs of consecutive orders, called seed graphs, this construction may be applied in such a way that the existence of all d-regular nut graphs of higher orders is established. For even d the orders n are indeed consecutive, while for odd d the orders n are consecutive even numbers. Furthermore, necessary conditions for combinations of order and degree for vertex-transitive nut graphs are derived.