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  • Author: Joanna Szczygieł x
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Elżbieta Szczygieł, Katarzyna Zielonka, Tadeusz Mazur, Joanna Golec, Alicja Turczyk and Małgorzata Kogut

Abstract

Introduction: An ischemic stroke is one of the most common causes of disability among adults. The results of a stroke incident are: abnormal muscle tension, free movement and postural control dysfunction, walking disturbances, body asymmetry. They contribute to the significant changes in the proper functioning in daily life. The aim of the project was to assess the influence of the exercises that activate deep body muscles on the postural control and muscle tension among people after ischemic stroke.

Material and methods: The study included 18 patients (7 women and 11 men) after ischemic stroke with hemiparesis. Those patients was divided into two groups: research group (RG): 9 patients (average age 61,33), time from the stroke: 2 months to 4 years, control group (CG): 9 patients (average age 69,56), time from the stroke: 2 months to 4 years. RG was following the standard exercise program and additionally was performing exercises which activate deep body muscles. CG was following only the standard therapy program. PUM chair was used for deep muscles exercises. The posture control was assessed according to the Postural Assessment Scale for Stroke Patient and the muscle tension was assessed according to the Ashworth scale.

Results: In the study group after deep muscle training reported a significant correlation between muscle spasticity of the lower and changes in body position.

Conclusions: Obtained results indicate on the need to introduce deep muscles therapy in the reeducation of postural control among patients with hemiparesis and to continue research on more extensive group of patients.

Open access

Stanisław Gadziński, Agata Masłoń, Dorota Czechowska, Joanna Golec, Elżbieta Szczygieł and Edward Bogusław Golec

Abstract

Introduction. The aim of the study was to assess the functional status of male soccer players in different age groups who played on different surfaces. Methods. The study included 45 soccer players aged 13-35 years. Among them, 15 were junior players, 15 were players of the senior Silesia-Opole 3rd league (SL), and 15 were senior players in the futsal Extra Class league (SF). The functional status and basic motor skills were assessed according to the results obtained in seven motor tasks included in the Functional Movement Screen™ (FMS) test. Results. The mean total scores in the FMS test were statistically significantly higher among both senior futsal and senior 3rd league players than among junior players. However, there were no significant differences between the results obtained by the two senior groups (SL and SF). Seniors achieved higher scores in most of the assessed tasks, but they performed significantly better than juniors only in the trunk rotary stability test. Juniors obtained correct results in the active straight leg raise trial significantly less frequently, but only in comparison with the SF group. Differences were also observed between the teams of seniors playing on different training surfaces (grass vs. hard floor). Conclusions. Senior players (those who played on grass as well as on hard floor) demonstrated a better functional status than juniors. Fewer deficits in fundamental movement patterns were identified in the SL group than in the SF group.

Open access

Teresa Kamińska-Gibas, Ilgiz Irnazarow, Joanna Szczygieł and Patrycja Jurecka

Abstract

Introduction: Genes related to iron metabolism play an important role in inflammatory response. The objective of this study was to investigate the role of ferritin, transferrin receptors 1a and 1b, and transferrin genes in the response to blood parasite infection in common carp (Cyprinuscarpio L.).

Material and Methods: Two genetically distinct carp groups were used: R3 carp, which are established as being sensitive to parasitic infection, and SA carp (Cyprinus carpio haematopterus) of wild origin. An established challenge model with Trypanoplasma borreli was applied. Challenged carp were sampled to determine their expression levels of transferrin receptors 1a and 1b, ferritin, and transferrin mRNA. Mortality and serum iron concentration were also measured.

Results: The study revealed contrasting differences in the expression profiles of all key iron regulatory genes except the transferrin gene. In the case of other parameters, significant differences were also observed.

Conclusion: Our results demonstrate that the level of parasitic infection depends on the blood iron status. This parameter was related to the origin of the fish.