The aim of this study was to explore whether positive emotion mediates the relationship between job burnout and turnover intentions among Chinese nurses.
A cross-sectional survey was conducted in the present study. Full-time registered nurses (n = 150) from Grade A hospitals in Tianjin were surveyed. Pearson correlation, hierarchical regression analyses, and the Sobel test were used in the study.
The results illustrated that positive emotion mediated the relationship between burnout and nurses’ turnover intention.
Nursing administrators should pay more attention to the benefits of positive emotions on working motivation. It is helpful to relieve burnout in the working process so that nurses are willing to remain in their current employment.
Jun-Bao Li, Jing Liu, Jeng-Shyang Pan and Hongxun Yao
Magnetic Resonance Super-resolution Imaging Measurement (MRIM) is an effective way of measuring materials. MRIM has wide applications in physics, chemistry, biology, geology, medical and material science, especially in medical diagnosis. It is feasible to improve the resolution of MR imaging through increasing radiation intensity, but the high radiation intensity and the longtime of magnetic field harm the human body. Thus, in the practical applications the resolution of hardware imaging reaches the limitation of resolution. Software-based super-resolution technology is effective to improve the resolution of image. This work proposes a framework of dictionary-optimized sparse learning based MR super-resolution method. The framework is to solve the problem of sample selection for dictionary learning of sparse reconstruction. The textural complexity-based image quality representation is proposed to choose the optimal samples for dictionary learning. Comprehensive experiments show that the dictionary-optimized sparse learning improves the performance of sparse representation.
In this paper, the weighted boundedness for the multilinear commutator associated to some integral operator and the weighted Lipschitz functions are obtained. The integral operator includes the Littlewood-Paley operator, Marcinkiewicz operator and Bochner-Riesz operator.
Electrical capacitance tomography (ECT) is considered to be a competitive measurement method. The imaging objects in ECT measurements are often in a time-varying process, and exploiting the prior information related to the dynamic nature is important for reconstructing high-quality images. Different from existing reconstruction models, in this paper a new model that incorporates the spatial correlation of the pixels by introducing the radial basis function (RBF) method, the dynamic behaviors of a timevarying imaging object, and the ECT measurement information is proposed to formulate the dynamic imaging problem. An objective functional that exploits the spatial correlation of the pixels, the combinational regularizer of the first-order total variation (FOTV) and the second-order total variation (SOTV), the multi-scale regularization, the spatial constraint, and the temporal correlation is proposed to convert the ECT imaging task into an optimization problem. A split Bregman iteration (SBI) method based iteration scheme is developed for solving the proposed objective functional. Numerical simulation results validate the superiority of the proposed reconstruction method on the improvement of the imaging quality.
Wei-Han Chang, Jing-Jing Yan, Xin Li, Hai-Yan Guo and Yu Liu
Background: Cardiomyocyte hypertrophy is a common complication of hypertension, and is recognized as an important risk factor for cardiovascular diseases. Up to now, no study has been made on the effects of telmisartan on Ang II-induced cardiomyocyte hypertrophy.
Objective: Investigate the effects of telmisartan on angiotensin II-induced cardiomyocyte hypertrophy and the phosphorylation of extracellular signal-regulated kinase (p-ERK1/2) in rat-cultured cardiomyocytes.
Methods: Rat myocardial cells were cultured. Beating rates of the cardiomyocytes, cell volumes, total protein contents, protein synthesis rates, and ERK activity were measured. The phosphorylation of p-ERK1/2 was analyzed by Western blot.
Results: Treatment of cultured cardiomyocytes with telmisartan inhibited angiotensin II-induced increases in cell volume, beating rate, total protein content and protein synthesis rate. Telmisartan markedly inhibited p-ERK1/2 phosphorylation in a dose- and time-dependent manner.
Conclusion: Telmisartan could suppress cardiomyocyte hypertrophy induced by angiotensin II. The mechanism might be related to the inhibition of p-ERK1/2 phosphorylation.
Hao Luo, Tingting Liu, Jun Ma, Wei Wang, Heng Li, Pengwei Wang, Jintao Bai and Guangyin Jing
The morphology of nanospheres is crucial for designing the nanofabrication in the nanosphere lithography. Here, by plasma etching, the controllable tailoring of the nanosphere is realized and its morphology dependence on the initial shape, microscopic roughness, and the etching conditions is investigated quantitatively. The results show that the shape evolution strongly depends on the etching gas, power, and process duration. Particularly, the aspect ratio (diameter/height) significantly increases with violent etching, turning the spherical shape into tiny ellipsoidal nanoparticles. The findings are practical to the protocol of non-uniform etching of nanoobjects and provide the useful design tool for the device fabrication at nanoscale.
F. Jing, J. Cui, R. Liu, L. Liu, P. Jiang and Z. Wang
In the present study, a sandwich ELISA based on IgY (egg yolk immunoglobulin) was developed for detection of circulating antigens (CAg) in sere of mice experimentally infected with Trichinella spiralis. The IgY-sandwich ELISA assay involved the use of chicken antibody IgY against excretory-secretory (ES) antigens of Trichinella spiralis muscle larvae as a capture antibody and mouse polyclonal antibody IgG to ES antigens as a detecting antibody. This method was able to detect as little as 3 ng/ml of ES antigens added to normal mouse serum. A group of sixteen mice was orally inoculated with 500 T. spiralis muscle larvae per animal. The serum samples from the infected mice were taken during 1–35 days post-infection (dpi). The CAg was detectable as early as 8 dpi in the sera of infected mice. The level of CAg increased dramatically during 13–15 dpi and reached a peak at 22 dpi and remained a plateau for 3 days, then declined gradually. Another peak of CAg occurred at 31 dpi. The anti-Trichinella antibodies was first detected in 14.3 % of the infected mice at 2 weeks post-infection (wpi), and reached a peak positive rate of 100 % at 5 wpi. Moreover, the infected mice were treated with abendazole at 5 wpi and the serum CAg levels increased significantly during 2–6 days posttreatment (dpt) and then declined rapidly during 8–14 dpt. By 42 dpt, the CAg levels decreased to the undetected level, but the detection rate of antibodies was still 100 %. The IgY-sandwich ELISA appears to be a sensitive for detection of antigenemia of T. spiralis and valuable to judge the efficacy of chemotherapy in trichinellosis.
Weiqiang Pan, Ping Liu, Fangjiong Chen, Fei Ji and Jing Feng
In this paper we proposed a dada-aided Doppler estimation method for underwater acoustic communication. The training sequence is non-dedicate, hence it can be designed for Doppler estimation as well as channel equalization. We assume the channel has been equalized and consider only flat-fading channel. First, based on the training symbols the theoretical received sequence is composed. Next the least square principle is applied to build the objective function, which minimizes the error between the composed and the actual received signal. Then an iterative approach is applied to solve the least square problem. The proposed approach involves an outer loop and inner loop, which resolve the channel gain and Doppler coefficient, respectively. The theoretical performance bound, i.e. the Cramer-Rao Lower Bound (CRLB) of estimation is also derived. Computer simulations results show that the proposed algorithm achieves the CRLB in medium to high SNR cases.
Jiawen Bian, Huiming Peng, Jing Xing, Zhihui Liu and Hongwei Li
This paper considers parameter estimation of superimposed exponential signals in multiplicative and additive noise which are all independent and identically distributed. A modified Newton-Raphson algorithm is used to estimate the frequencies of the considered model, which is further used to estimate other linear parameters. It is proved that the modified Newton- Raphson algorithm is robust and the corresponding estimators of frequencies attain the same convergence rate with Least Squares Estimators (LSEs) under the same noise conditions, but it outperforms LSEs in terms of the mean squared errors. Finally, the effectiveness of the algorithm is verified by some numerical experiments.