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  • Author: Jiří Hájek x
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Abstract

Altogether, 1,564 species taxa (identified at least to the genus level) from 25 orders of Hexapoda have been recorded from the Socotra Archipelago to date. In addition, members of Diplura and Ephemeroptera are known from the archipelago as well, but they have not been identified so far. The most speciose order in Socotra are beetles (Coleoptera) with 540 species. The total number of endemic taxa described from the archipelago is 662 species, which represents 42% of all known species. The vast majority of species is known from the main Socotra Island (1,520 species, 635 endemic taxa). The diversity of insects in Socotra is briefly commented on and compared with the nearest archipelago – the Seychelles.

Abstract

The cryptic slime-mold beetle Sphindus cf. rendilianus , described originally from Kenya, and so far known only from the holotype, is recorded from Socotra Island based on five specimens from recent collecting efforts. This is the first report of the family Sphindidae from the archipelago.

Abstract

Two new species of the genus Glischrochilus Reitter, 1873, subgenus Librodor Reitter, 1884: Glischrochilus (Librodor) pilula sp. nov. (Laos) and Glischrochilus (Librodor) ruzickai sp. nov. (China: Yunnan, Sichuan; Myanmar) are described, figured and compared with other species of the genus. Glischrochilus egregius (Grouvelle, 1895) is formally synonymised with G. egregius cyclops Jelínek, 1975, syn. nov. and G. egregius monticola Jelínek, 1975, syn. nov. – these two forms were established based on different body colouration; however, the study of extensive material revealed that it is variable independently of its geographic origin. The identity of Ips janthinus Reitter, 1877 from Tasmania (previously included in Glischrochilus) is discussed and the species is formally synonymised with Thallis ianthina Erichson, 1842 (Erotylidae). New country records from China, India, Laos, Thailand and Vietnam, or new Chinese provincial records are provided for 14 species. A world checklist of the genus Glischrochilus is appended.

Abstract

Type specimens from the collection of beetles (Coleoptera) deposited in the Department of Entomology, National Museum, Prague, are currently being catalogued. In this part of catalogue dealing with scarabaeoid families Lucanidae and Passalidae, we present information on types of Lucanidae (five taxa of Lucaninae, four taxa of Syndesinae), and Passalidae (one taxon of Aulacocyclinae, ten taxa of Passalinae). Passalids, all from Nickerls' collection, were previously studied by August Ferdinand Kuwert; comments are given also on specimens of 12 taxa labelled as types incorrectly.

Abstract

Species of the genus Epuraea Erichson, 1845 from New Zealand are revised and redescribed. The New Zealand fauna comprises six species. One new species, Epuraea glabrata sp. nov. is described. Epuraea mayendorfii (Reitter, 1873) is provided as a valid replacement name for Nitidula lateralis (White, 1846), not Nitidula lateralis C. R. Sahlberg, 1820. One new synonymy is proposed, Epuraea mayendorfii (Reitter, 1873) = Epuraea zealandica Sharp, 1878, syn. nov.

Abstract

Type specimens from the collection of beetles (Coleoptera) deposited in the Department of Entomology, National Museum, Prague, are currently being catalogued. In this part of catalogue dealing with staphylinine subfamilies Euaesthetinae, Leptotyphlinae, Megalopsidiinae, Oxyporinae, and Steninae we present information on types of four species of Euaesthetinae, two species of Leptotyphlinae, six species of Megalopsidiinae, one species of Oxyporinae, and 130 species of Steninae. Except for the general collection, the type material came mostly from the recently acquired collection of the late Lubomír Hromádka.

Abstract

The purpose of the present paper is to find whether the spatial distribution of enterprise support policy funds meet the spatial objectives stated in Czech strategic documents related to enterprise support policy. Are more funds allocated in lagging regions, and does enterprise support policy contribute more to the convergence objective, or are more funds allocated in core regions, and does enterprise support policy contribute more to the competitiveness objective? These questions are answered by evaluating the Structural (and Cohesion) Fund (SF) expenditures that were allocated on operations categorised as part of enterprise support policy (2007-2013). The dependent variable relates to 206 regions, and SF expenditures are calculated for every inhabitant of a region. Moreover, two types of SF operation are distinguished: (a) innovationoriented operations; and (b) other enterprise support operations. Three explanatory variables are defined using Principal Components Analysis (PCA), and these components are understood as: (1) the social disadvantage of regions; (2) the innovation environment of regions; and (3) the quality of regional entrepreneurial environments. The associations between the dependent and explanatory variables are subsequently evaluated by methods of correlation and regression analysis. The findings provide some evidence for both the convergence and competitiveness objectives. Nevertheless, this evidence is rather limited due to a low spatial concentration of SF allocation, and the compensatory effect between the two thematic types of SF operations. Hence, while the quality of their innovation environment has a positive influence on regional SF allocation regardless of the thematic focus of SF operations, socially disadvantaged regions received more funds for SF operations which are not innovation-oriented. The capacity of potential beneficiaries to prepare and submit many project proposals for SF co-financing is the main reason for high or low SF allocation.

Abstract

Platynectes (Gueorguievtes) davidorum sp. nov. is described, including all larval instars, from hygropetric habitats in Fujian and Zhejiang provinces, eastern China. The new species can be easily distinguished from all other Asia Platynectes Régimbart, 1879 with dorsally strongly convex habitus, distinctly impressed double reticulation of elytra, short appendages and the shape of median lobe of aedeagus. Collected larvae were successfully associated with adults using a molecular approach and the barcode for the new species is provided as well as the phylogenetic position based on the mitochondrial cytochrome oxidase I gene; they are described and illustrated, with detailed morphometric and chaetotaxic analyses of the cephalic capsule, head appendages, legs, last abdominal segment, and urogomphi. The classification of the new species within the subgenus Gueorguievtes Vazirani, 1976, and its adaptation to hygropetric habitats are briefly discussed.

Abstract

The intention of this paper is to provide empirical evidence on how the factors of socio-economic disadvantage and absorption capacity influence the spatial distribution of Structural Fund (SF) payments among the Czech Republic’s micro-regions during the 2007–2013 programming period. The empirical results indicate that agglomeration economies, innovation and entrepreneurship are associated with higher SF absorption capacity and higher SF payments, challenging the tendency for socio-economically disadvantaged regions to converge. SF absorption capacity measured especially by the number of project applications submitted for SF financing and by the average SF budget per project application, is a crucial concept in order to understand the relationship between within-country regional disparities and SF interventions.

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Abstract

The new zoological exposition of the National Museum will be installed in eight exhibition halls on the second floor of the Historical Building. The exposition has the preliminary title Evolution and thematically, it will follow several significant evolutionary events, which enabled animals to occupy Earth. The first two exhibition halls will be devoted to invertebrates and their ability to occupy all kinds of environments. The following two exhibition halls will introduce fish-like vertebrates, amphibians, and reptiles and they will focus on the most important evolutionary step of vertebrates – stepping out of the water and onto land. The next hall will be devoted to the origin of flight and birds’ conquering of the skies. The last two halls will be dedicated to mammals and their origins and conquering of land, water, and air. The visitor will become acquainted with contemporary organisms as the results of a long evolutionary process. The exhibitions will be based on authentic collection items to the maximum possible extent, though models and multimedia will also be used on several occasions. The exposition should also include the restoration of the popular Pokoutník Gallery.