Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) are a heterogeneous group of disorders in the course dominated by chronic, recurrent gastrointestinal inflammation. It is believed that the activation of IBD occurs in patients with a genetic predisposition to their development. Chronic inflammation develops as a result of an excessive reaction of the immune system principally under the influence of environmental risk factors. Among them, it has been shown that the mechanism of oxidative stress is associated with the pathophysiology of inflammatory bowel disease, responsible for the commencement and progress of these diseases.
The aim of the study was the relationship between single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of individual antioxidant enzymes, and the prevalence of inflammatory bowel disease that may be associated with increased levels of oxidative stress.
Material and methods. A total of 111 IBD patients, including 65 patients with ulcerative colitis (UC) and 46 with Crohn’s disease (CD) and 125 healthy controls recruited from the Polish population, were genotyped for CAT -262C / T (rs1001179), SOD + 35A / C (rs2234694), GPx Pro 197 Leu polymorphisms. Genotyping of CAT, SOD, GPx gene polymorphism was performed by a RFLP-PCR.
Results. The performed analysis of genetic polymorphisms of antioxidant enzymes showed that polymorphic variant of the CAT -262 C / T may have protective effects in patients with ulcerative colitis in the range of genotype C / T; OR = 0.49 (0.25-0.99), p = 0.044. Trend protective, but statistically unrelated, it was also observed for genotype T / T and T allele of the same polymorphism and genotypes and alleles + 35A / C SOD1 in UC as well as polymorphic variants CAT -262 C / T, Pro197Leu of GPx1, + 35A / C SOD1 in CD. The results were compared with a control group of potentially healthy individuals without such diseases.
Conclusions. It has been shown that the polymorphism of antioxidant enzymes CAT gene -262 C / T may have protective effects in patients who are carriers of a genotype C / T at the UC. The potential protective effect without statistical relationships were also observed for other genotypes and alleles studied polymorphic variants of antioxidant enzymes in CD and CAT- 262C / T and + 35 A / C SOD1 in UC. Conducted our audit should be extended to more group of patients in order to assess whether or not to confirm the observed during analysis, the protective effect of CAT-262 C / T in ulcerative colitis and other trends observed for other polymorphic variants tested genes.