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  • Author: Jelena Parojčić x
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Marija Ilić, Ivan Kovačević and Jelena Parojčić

Abstract

With the increased reliance on in vitro dissolution testing as an indicator of in vivo drug behavior and the trend towards the in silico modeling of dosage form performance, the need for bioperformance dissolution methodology development has been enhanced. Determination of the in vivo drug delivery profile is essential for the bioperformance dissolution test development and in vitro/in vivo correlation modeling, as well as the understanding of absorption mechanisms. The aim of this study was to compare different methods in terms of their usefulness and applicability in deciphering in vivo delivery of nifedipine administered in modified release dosage forms. A detailed survey of publications on nifedipine pharmacokinetics was done and used to identify the magnitude of food effect. In vitro dissolution testing was performed under various experimental conditions. Obtained results indicate the potential for using the developed in silico model coupled with discriminative in vitro dissolution data for identification of the in vivo drug product behavior

Open access

Aleksandra Stojković, Lidia Tajber, Krzysztof J. Paluch, Zorica Djurić, Jelena Parojčić and Owen I. Corrigan

Abstract

Ciprofloxacin bioavailability may be reduced when ciprofloxacin is co-administered with metallic ion containing preparations. In our previous study, physicochemical interaction between ciprofloxacin and ferrous sulphate was successfully simulated in vitro. In the present work, comparative in vitro ciprofloxacin solubility and dissolution studies were performed in the reactive media containing aluminium hydroxide, calcium carbonate or zinc sulphate. Solid phases collected from the dissolution vessel with aluminium hydroxide, calcium carbonate and zinc sulphate were investigated for their properties. The results obtained indicate that different types of adducts may form and retard ciprofloxacin solubility and dissolution. In the case of aluminium, no phase changes were observed. The solid phase generated in the presence of calcium carbonate was identified as hydrated ciprofloxacin base. Similarly to iron, a new complex consistent with Zn(SO4)2(Cl)2(ciprofloxacin)2 × nH2O stoichiometry was generated in the presence of relatively high concentrations of ciprofloxacin hydrochloride and zinc sulphate, indicating that small volume dissolution experiments can be useful for biorelevant dissolution tests.