In contemporary market conditions facing continuous debt crisis, the notion of fiscal consolidation is one of potential solutions for solving the main economic issues in any country. As regards fiscal consolidation, it necessary to point out to the importance of developing strategies aimed at minimizing deficit and debt level. Serbia is among those countries in which irrational spending is widely present with unfavourable tendency regarding the aspect of production and consumption. Over the past 25 years, Serbia has spent much more than it has produced, which has led to large budget deficits and debt level. The aim is to point out to the concept of fiscal consolidation and its implementation in Serbia, while the subject of this paper is to present the package of measures and strategies defined by the government of the Republic of Serbia and the Fiscal Council Program.
In a research paper, the authors provide an empirical approach to taxes and economic growth in the United States in the period 1996-2016. The basic goal is to explore how taxes affect economic growth. The subject of the research is measuring the effects of tax revenue growth and tax form as a personal income tax, corporate income tax and social security contributions on gross domestic product as a proxy for economic growth. Methodology framework includes several tests to clear the potential problem of heteroscedasticity, autocorrelation, multicollinearity and specification of the model. Based on diagnostic tests, a regression model is adequately created where fundamental econometric procedures are applied. Correlation matrix reflects a strong and positive relationship between tax revenue growth and corporate income tax on the one side and gross domestic product growth, on the another side. Also, personal income tax and social security contributions are weakly related to gross domestic product growth. The model shows a significant effect of tax revenue growth and social security contributions, while personal income tax and corporate income tax do not have a significant impact on gross domestic product growth. Interestingly, personal income tax as the main tax form in the tax structure of the United States has no significant impact on economic growth compared to social security contributions which percentage share is lesser.