Background and Aims: Lack of physical activity, obesity, eating habits contributes to an increase in metabolic disorders. Patients with diabetes have balance, gait, and proprioceptive impairments which hinder the activity of daily living. Therefore, the main objective of present research was to optimize and to find efficacy of the exercise protocols on gait, balance, proprioception and glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c) levels in patients suffering from Type 2 Diabetes mellitus (T2DM).
Material and Methods: Forty individuals with T2DM age between 35 to 60 were recruited and randomly allocated to four groups with 10 subjects per group. Core strengthening exercises were given with duration of twenty or thirty minutes per session and frequency of twice or thrice weekly for six weeks.
Results: Design Expert Software version 10.0.6 was used to analyse data Design Expert software. Further duration and frequency of exercises were compares using ful factorial design. Paired sample t test was used at significance level p<0.05 to find efficacy of core strengthening exercises. The results showed the roe of duration and frequency along with significant effect of exercises on balance, gait, proprioception and HbA1c.
Conclusion: Pilates based core strengthening exercises (PBCS) significantly improved all the parameter selected if exercise protocol was given for 30 minutes and thrice weekly for six weeks. Study has also shown impact of duration and frequency of exercises separately on these parameters.