Objective. The aim of the present study was to demonstrate the spatial relationship between the c-Fos immunoreactive cells elicited by an acute treatment with neuroleptics including amisulpride (AMI), olanzapine (OLA), quetiapine (QUE), and aripiprazole (ARI) and enkephalinergic (ENK), substance P (SP), and tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) innervation fields in the rat septum.
Methods. Male Sprague Dawley rats received a single injection of OLA (5 mg), ARI (10 mg), AMI (20 mg), QUE (15 mg/kg/b.w.). Ninety min after antipsychotics administration, the animals were transcardially perfused with a fixative and the brains cryocut into serial coronal sections of 35 µm thickness. The sections were processed for c-Fos staining using an avidin-biotin-peroxidase complex and visualized by nickel intensified diaminobenzidine to reach black endproduct. Afterwards, the sections were exposed to ENK, SP, and TH antibodies and the reaction product visualized by biotin-labeled fluorescent AlexaFluor 564 dye. The data were evaluated from the sections either simultaneously illuminated with fluorescent and transmission microscope beams or after merging the separately illuminated sections in the Adobe Photoshop 7.0 software.
Results. ENK, SP, and TH displayed characteristic spatial images formed by a dense accumulation of immunoreactive fibers and terminals on the both sides of the septum. A dense plexus of axons formed by ENK and SP immunopositive terminals were situated predominantly in the lateral, while TH ones more medial portion of the septum. QUE and AMI activated distinct amount of c-Fos expression in cells located within the SP-immunoreactive principal innervation field. The OLA effect on the c-Fos expression was very pronounced in the ventral TH-labeled principal innervation field including the space between the ENK field ventral portion and the dorsal margin of the accumbens nucleus shell. Generally, the occurrence of c-Fos cells in the ENK-immunoreactive principal innervation field, in comparison with the surrounding septal area, was less abundant after all of the four antipsychotics treatments.
Conclusion. The data of the present study indicate that ENK, SP, and TH innervation fields may influence separate populations of septal cells activated by AMI, OLA, QUE, and ARI and that each of these region-differently innervated cells may be associated with the functional heterogeneity of the individual lateral septal nuclei.
Jana Osacka, Lubica Horvathova, Alena Cernackova and Alexander Kiss
Objective. Prolonged treatment with neuroleptics has been shown to induce FosB/ΔFosB expression in several brain regions including the medial prefrontal cortex, dorsomedial and dorsolateral striatum, ventrolateral and dorsolateral septum, nucleus accumbens shell and core, and the hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus (PVN). Some of these regions are known to be also stress responsive. This study was designed to determine whether repeated clozapine (CLZ) administration for 7 consecutive days to Wistar rats may modify FosB/ΔFosB expression in the above-mentioned brain areas induced by acute stress or novel stressor that followed 13-day chronic mild stress preconditioning.
Methods. Following experimental groups were used: unstressed animals treated with vehicle/ CLZ for 7 days; 7-day vehicle/CLZ-treated animals on the last day exposed to acute stress – forced swimming (FSW); and animals preconditioned with stress for 13 days treated from the 8th day with vehicle/CLZ and on the 14th day exposed to novel stress – FSW.
Results. In the unstressed animals CLZ markedly increased FosB/ΔFosB immunoreactivity in the ventrolateral septum and PVN. FSW elevated FosB/ΔFosB expression in the medial prefrontal cortex, striatum, and septum. CLZ markedly potentiated the effect of the FSW on FosB/ΔFosB expression in the PVN, but suppressed it in the dorsomedial striatum. Novel stress with stress preconditioning increased FosB/ΔFosB immunoreactivity in the prefrontal cortex, striatum, ventrolateral septum, and the PVN. In the nucleus accumbens the effect of the novel stressor was potentiated by CLZ.
Conclusion. Our data indicate that CLZ may modulate the acute as well as novel stress effects on FosB/ΔFosB expression but its effect differs within the individual brain regions.