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Open access

Monica Urbanova and Jana Labudova

The Main Motivational Factors for Doing Aqua Fitness of Slovak Women

This article represents results of a study done with group of Slovak women. The purpose was to specify the main motivational factors in behavior that lead to start with aqua fitness, to compare indicators of quality and quantity, how do the beliefs and attitudes of initiating and maintaining differ between two groups of women according to the age and facility. And evaluate contribution of aqua fitness on the life quality and overall health and well being of study group as well as evaluate the quality of the classes by knowing women's opinion finally. In accordance with the results the study has shown that the main motivation for initiating and maintaining aqua fitness are: improving/maintaining of physical fitness, stress and fatigue elimination, joint mobility and flexibility, joints and spine, back pain release, weight loss, firm body and the good state of overall well - being.

The age difference and the differences between both facilities (water depth, sound system level, settings etc.) were shown as no issue regarding the motivation, beliefs and attitudes in both groups.

Open access

Oľga Kyselovičová, Jana Labudová, Erika Zemková, Dušana Čierna and Michal Jeleň


Synchronized swimming and aerobic gymnastics are competitive sports that have grown in popularity throughout the Slovakia and around the world. Unfortunately, a paucity of research exists either on anthropometric and physiological characteristics or physical benefits of these sports. The present study examined anthropometric and cardiovascular characteristics of control group - CO (n = 10) in comparison to competitive synchronized swimmers - SS (n = 11) and aerobic gymnasts - AG (n = 10) between the ages of 13 and 25 years. The physical measures were assessed per the protocols in the following order: height (BH), weight (BW), body mass index (BMI), and % body fat (% BF). The measurements of maximal oxygen consumption (VO2max) and maximum heart rate (HRmax) were examined by spiroergometry via COSMED K4b2. All measurements were collected by trained data collection staff. An analysis of variance (Kruskal - Wallis) with a Mann-Whitney U test for the significant effect among the three groups showed that aerobic gymnasts were taller than synchronized swimmers and control group (p = .02). Training and conditioning requirements specific for the two athletic groups caused that AG and SS have higher level of VO2max (p = .02) and (p = .00), and also lower level of the body weight (p= .01), BMI (p = .01) and the % BF (p = .00). These findings confirm that selected parameters are considered the bases for success in elite sports. This information could also help to design specific training and evaluate the adaptation to training stimuli with the aim to maximize sport performance.