Social tourism is a form of tourism that takes into account the participation of physically or socially handicapped individuals, and at the same time the social tourism activities are in accordance with the environmental sustain-ability of the territory. in the czech republic the social tourism has been supported at the national level since 2010 by the National tourism support Programme. this paper is aimed at the evaluation of social tourism support in the czech republic in the period of 2010-2012. The evaluation is performed by regions and target groups (families with children, young people under 26 years, seniors and the disabled). the other aim is to identify which model of social tourism was implemented in the czech republic during the period of 2010-2012.
Cultural heritage can play a very important role in local and regional development with economic and social effects. The European Union (EU) outlined a specific measure that is aimed at the protection and development of rural heritage within rural development policy in the programming period of 2007–2013. The main aim of this paper is to assess economic and social impacts of projects supported by EU Rural Policy in the Czech Republic during the period of 2007–2013. The implemented projects were located mainly in peripheral rural areas, both near to borders and in inner peripheries, which means that the measure was geographically well targeted. The results of the measure contribute to the restoration and reconstruction of historical monuments, churches, cemeteries and small sacral monuments which create an environment in rural settlements. This environment is very important for the community life and strengthening local identity. In the field of economic development, the results of this measure demonstrate only limited effects in supported villages.
The coexistence of people and large carnivores, especially wolves, tend to have an adverse impact on regional sustainable development of ecosystems and rural areas, negatively influencing mainly traditional farming, sustainable tourism and other socioeconomic activities. Although the viewpoint on current situation is not quite clear from the conservative institutions’ perspective, an increase in compensations and support of protective measures results in expenditure displacement instead of proper problem solution. The same displacement logic applies not only to livestock grazing subsidies in the open landscape but also to subsidies determined exclusively for the protection of the predator itself, the wolf. The paper aims to address the key impacts on cultivated landscape caused by a progressive spreading of the predator, focusing on the comprehensive perception of the issue as a whole while also using farming examples to highlight the main issues of gradual wolf spreading in the cultivated area. The research is based on the authors’ monograph (2018) positively accepted by both politicians and specialists’ community which promotes basis for further discussion across other interrelated sectors.