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  • Author: Jan Valiček x
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J. Valíček, M. Harničárová, M. Kušnerová, J. Zavadil and R. Grznárik

Abstract

The paper is based on results obtained from topography of surfaces of sheets rolled from deep-drawing steel of the type KOHAL grade 697, non-alloy low-carbon structural steel EN 10263-2:2004 and aluminium. The presented results document correctness of the assumption that the rolling force Froll increases with the increasing reduction Δh and the quality of the rolled surface is improved at the simultaneous increasing of strength of rolled sheets and the decreasing of size of structural grains. The experiment was performed on the two-high rolling stand DUO 210 SVa, which enables only non-continuous technology in contrast to the rolling mill with continuous reduction on one sheet in several degrees on rolling trains, in consequence of which the obtained height parameters of the section are in close correlation with the predicted dependence. Contribution of the work consists in the creation of a mathematical model (algorithm) for predicting technological parameters of the two-high rolling stand DUO 210 SVa at change of the absolute reduction Δh, for example for a deep-drawing steel of the type KOHAL grade 697 and non-alloy lowcarbon structural steel PN EN 10263-2:2004 and aluminium, and also in the development of a method of calculation applicable to any material being rolled in general, because the authors have found that various materials can be differentiated by a derived analytical criterion IKP. This criterion is a function of ratio between the modulus of elasticity of reference material and that of actually rolled material. The reference material is here deep-drawing steel of the type KOHAL grade 697. Verification was carried out by measuring changes of final surface roughness profile and final strength of rolled sheets of the stated materials in relation to reductions and those were compared with theoretically predicted values. It is possible to identify and predict on the basis of this algorithm an instant state of surface topography in respect to variable technological conditions. On this basis it is then possible to calculate and plot individual main technological parameters.

Open access

J. Valíček, M. Držík, T. Hryniewicz, M. Harničárová, K. Rokosz, M. Kušnerová, K. Barčová and D. Bražina

Abstract

The paper deals with the measurement and identification of surfaces after machining in a non-contact manner. It presents a new modified measurement method and its implementation, the results of intensity distribution in the defocusing plane, their analysis and interpretation. The scanned intensity distribution at the defocusing plane gives information necessary to assess the second derivatives, and thus, surface functions which can be used to determine groove curvatures of the real surface morphology. The proposed method of measurement has proved to be very sensitive in evaluating the differences between surface finishing methods by which the measured surface standards (etalons) were machined. Two methods of machining were chosen: face grinding and planning. By comparing the roughness standard values Ra, there were obtained relationships between these values and the parameter of the characteristic frequency of vertical inequality being measured according to the presented method. A good correlation between the measured and surface standard values with the correlation coefficient taking a range of values from 0.8 to 1 was achieved.

Open access

J. Valíček, M. Harničárová, M. Kušnerová, R. Grznárik and J. Zavadil

Abstract

The submitted paper aims to clarify the abrasive waterjet technology, particularly from the point of view of produced surface topography. It provides a new insight into the deformation process caused by the effect of abrasive waterjet and into the possibilities of using the surface topography for solving the issues of optimization of the process. The subject of study is a system of cutting tool, material and final surface topography and optimization of their parameters. The cutting or disintegrating tool of abrasive waterjet technology is flexible. The trajectory of its cut traces is strictly determined here by disintegration resistance at critical moments of tool-material interaction. The physico-mechanical character of the interaction within the cut will manifest itself in the final surface condition. This process can be re-analysed by measuring the selected elements of topography and roughness on the final surface, namely depending on the depth of the cut, technological parameters of the tool and mechanical parameters of the material. The mentioned principle is the basis of the presented solution. It lies in the analytical processing and description of correlation interrelations between set technological and measured topographical quantities in relation to the depth of cut and the type of material.

Open access

Pavel Koštial, Ivo Špička, Zora Jančikova, Jan Valiček, Marta Harničarova and Josef Hlinka

Abstract

The paper is devoted to the presentation of a method for measurement of thermal conductivity k, specific heat capacity cp, and thermal diffusivity applying the lumped capacitance model (LCM) as a special case of Newton’s model of cooling. At the specific experimental conditions resulting from the theoretical analysis of the used model, we present a method for experimental determination of all three above mentioned thermal parameters for materials with different thermal transport properties. The input experimental data provide a cooling curve of the tested material. The evaluation of experimental data is realized by software, the fundamental features of which are presented here. The statistical analysis of experimental data was performed.

Open access

P. Koštial, Z. Jančíková, D. Bakošová, J. Valíček, M. Harničárová and I. Špička

Abstract

The paper deals with the application of artificial neural networks (ANN) to tires’ own frequency (OF) prediction depending on a tire construction. Experimental data of OF were obtained by electronic speckle pattern interferometry (ESPI). A very good conformity of both experimental and predicted data sets is presented here. The presented ANN method applied to ESPI experimental data can effectively help designers to optimize dimensions of tires from the point of view of their noise.

Open access

M. Kušnerová, J. Valíček, M. Harničárová, T. Hryniewicz, K. Rokosz, Z. Palková, V. Václavík, M. Řepka and M. Bendová

Abstract

The paper deals with the innovative ways of nonstandard, simplifying applications of the valid method for evaluating uncertainties in measurement results and with the definition of conditions of their usability. The evaluation of a substitute criterion for measurement accuracy by means of a relative difference between the measurand and its reference value is proposed. This nonstandard relative uncertainty is comparable with the overall relative standard uncertainty in the measurement result, and thus the evaluation of it enables other simplifications in the calculations of measurement result uncertainties. The use of the simplified evaluation of measurement results is illustrated in two experiments in measurement of the coefficient of thermal conductivity of an insulating material newly developed for the needs of building practice, namely measurement using commercial instruments, and measurement using a newly developed original measuring instrument.