The investigation of Psychodidae is still far from finished in the NW part of the Carpathians of the Czech Republic, only 21 species have been published in scattered papers in the past. Altogether 36 genera of moth flies and 84 species including 20 threatened or rare taxa are recorded in this study from 8 localities: 5 mountainous and 3 submountainous sites. Katamormia niesiolowskii (Wagner, 1985) and Threticus negrobovi Vaillant, 1972 are new for the fauna of the Czech Republic, Katamormia strobli Ježek, 1986 and Philosepedon (Philothreticus) soljani Krek, 1971 are new for Moravia (incl. Silesia); three species are new for the Carpathians Mts generally, and 9 for the Carpathians Mts. of the Czech Republic. The total number of moth flies in CZ is increased to 175 species. The communities of moth flies of the preserved areas and localities studied here (in contrast to Kněhyňka 2.) are among the richest sites in the Czech Republic.
First records of fourteen species of moth flies are from Slovakia mentioned: Apsycha pusilla (Tonnoir, 1922), Clytocerus (Boreoclytocerus) splendidus Ježek & Hájek, 2007, C. (B.) tetracorniculatus Wagner, 1977, Jungiella (Jungiella) hygrophila Ježek, 1987, J. (J.) valachica (Vaillant, 1963), J. (Psychocha) laminata (Szabó, 1960), Parajungiella prikryli Ježek, 1999, Pericoma (Pericoma) exquisita Eaton, 1893, P. (P.) ljubiniensis Krek, 1969, P. (P.) vestita Vaillant & Withers, 1993, Psychoda alticola Vaillant, 1973, P. uniformata Haseman, 1907, Pneumia compta (Eaton, 1893) and P. kabelaki Omelková & Ježek, 2012. Records on the basis of larvae of Berdeniella manicata (Tonnoir, 1920), Pericoma (Pericoma) pseudoexquisita Tonnoir, 1940 and Pneumia stammeri (Jung, 1956) in the past are first time confirmed as adults from Slovakia. Some detailed important morphological characters males of two selected species Pericoma (Pericoma) exquisita and P. (P.) pseudoexquisita are figured. All credible and available data of non-biting moth flies (Diptera: Psychodidae) from Slovakia were summarized (396 localities) and many new collecting sites (visited by different collectors from 1977 to 2013) added (188 localities). A suitable grid mapping for Central Europe was used. A preliminary conservation status of 51 rare species is discussed. The speciesrichness of the psychodid fauna in Slovakia is increased by this paper to 117 species.
A new species of moth flies, Alepia bifida sp. nov., is described and figured based on males, females and eggs. The type specimens were collected in central Nicaragua, Cerro Musún Mt. This new species is characterized by unique morphology of the wing, basiphallus, distiphallus and gonostyli. The genus Alepia Enderlein, 1937 is one of the most diverse genera of Neotropical Psychodinae (54 known species including the one described here), but it is so well characterized morphologically that no generic synonyms have been proposed.
One new moth fly species (Diptera: Psychodidae: Psychodinae) is described and illustrated on the basis of male morphological characters: Thornburghiella veve sp. nov. was collected in the vicinity of Pambak River in the mountains of Armenia. Differential diagnoses are given for males of four additional species of Thornburghiella from Transcaucasia, Asia Minor and Central Asia.
The horse fly fauna of the NE parts of the Hercynicum (36 species of 8 genera, including one ssp. and one recognized form) is relatively diverse, including 65.5 % of the Tabanid species recorded from the Czech Republic. All literature records are referred to, and 136 new localities added. The most interesting finds during our faunistic survey were the nationally scarce Silvius alpinus (Scopoli, 1763), Hybomitra arpadi (Szilády, 1923), H. kaurii Chvála & Lyneborg, 1970 and H. nitidifrons confiformis Chvála & Moucha, 1971; in spite of literature records H. lurida (Fallén, 1817) was not re-found. Atylotus plebejus (Fallén, 1817) and Chrysops rufipes Meigen, 1830 are classified as endangered species in the Czech Republic, and Glaucops hirsutus (Villers, 1789) as vulnerable.
Jan Ježek, Jozef Oboňa, Wanyoike Wamiti and Ndung'u Njoroge
History of zoogeographical views and actual distribution of 23 determined species of Tabanidae from three subfamilies, five tribes and 8 genera (Philoliche Wiedemann, 1828 - 4 species; Chrysops Meigen, 1803 - 3; Thaumastocera Grünberg, 1906 - 1; Ancala Enderlein, 1922 - 1; Atylotus Osten-Sacken, 1876 - 1; Tabanus Linnaeus, 1758 - 8; Haematopota Meigen, 1803 - 4; Hippocentrum Austen, 1908 - 1) mainly from Kenya are summarized, using the names of recent African countries. Tabanus sericiventris Loew, 1858 is new for Kenya. Lower taxonomical units as Tabanus insignis f. neavei Austen, 1912 and T. marmorosus ssp. congicola Bequaert, 1930 are discussed. A complete new references to all identified taxa are given.
Jan Ježek, Jozef Oboňa, Ivo Přikryl and Blanka Mikátová
New faunistic data of Psychodidae (Diptera) from Western Bohemia are presented (266 sites explored in 1993-2010, incl. literary data). Altogether 96 species of moth flies (adults) of 36 genera (55 % of all species of the family known from the Czech Republic are known to occur in the western Hercynian mountains, Sokolov open-cast coal mines, dumps and adjacent localities. 26 of these species were classified in the national Red List 2005 of threatened invertebrates. Critically endangered species CR (14), endangered species EN (4), vulnerable species VU (8) and without a Red status so far are two species nationally scarce NS. An extreme water chemistry of some mine localities (pH, alkalinity, N-NH4+, N-NO3−, N org., total N, total P, Na, K, Ca, Mg, Fe, Cl−, SO42−, Mn and conductivity) in a relation to collected adults were studied. The relationship between site altitude of all localities and the number of species as well as critically endangered species is accounted.