In the paper authors present some geological sites from Kaczawa Unit, Sudetes, Poland, and their interpretation in a geotectonic context. All described geosites are important for understanding the evolution of so called Kaczawa Accretionary Prism as well as whole Sudetes. Presented outcrops are easily accessible, well exposed and exhibits high education value. Special attention was given to the Wojcieszów Limestones and their relationship to the surrounding rocks
A great advantage of Low Temperature Co-fired Ceramics (LTCC) yields the possibility of channel and air cavity fabrication. Such empty spaces have numerous applications, for example, in microfluidics, microwave techniques and integrated packaging. However, improper geometry of these structures can degrade the performance of the final device. The processing parameters recommended by the LTCC tape supplier are relevant for the production of multilayer circuits but not surface embedded channels and/or cavities. Thus, it is important to examine which factors of the fabrication process are the most significant. In our study, special attention has been paid to the geometric performance of the channel structure resulting from the applied processing parameters. Laser cutting parameters were checked to obtain the structures with great fidelity. The impact of an isostatic lamination on the quality of the final structure was analyzed. The influence of pressure and temperature of the lamination process on the channel geometry and tape shrinkage were examined. The performed experiments showed that some improvements in channel/cavity geometry may be achieved by optimizing the processing procedures. The microscopic observations combined with the Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) showed which combinations of the processing parameters are the best for achieving a channel/cavity structure with the desired geometry.
The stratigraphic position of the Goryczkowiec Sandstone reflects the Paleocene ridge geodynamics in the Outer Carpathian basins. The Goryczkowiec Sandstone was deposited on the slope of a ridge, known as the Subsilesian Sedimentary Area that originated during reorganization of the Outer Carpathian realm. A Paleocene age of this sandstone, documented clearly by autochthonous foraminiferal and algal assemblages indicates the time of the final formation of the Subsilesian Ridge. Abundant calcareous material of biogenic origin was transported by turbidity currents into deeper zones. This material includes fragments of carbonate buildups represented by algae, bryozoans and other organisms growing in the shallower part of the ridge. The Goryczkowiec Sandstone, previously known as the Szydłowiec Sandstone, is here redefined as a new lithostratigraphic unit within the Subsilesian Sedimentary Area in the marginal Outer Carpathians in Poland. The new name clarifies the ambivalence in the lithostratigraphic nomenclature
The Ostravice Sandstone Member was identified and described as a lithostratigraphic unit in the Polish part of the Outer Carpathians. This division occurs in the lowermost part of the Godula Formation, is underlain by variegated deposits of the Mazák Formation or directly by the Barnasiówka and Lhoty formations, and overlain by the Czernichów Member of the Godula Formation. Domination by thick- and very thick-bedded sandstones, conglomeratic sandstones and conglomerates rich in calcareous clasts, mostly of the Štramberk-type limestones, is typical for the Ostravice Sandstone Member. These deposits are widespread between the Moravskoslezské Beskydy Mountains in the Czech Republic and the Ciężkowice Foothills in Poland. The documentation of the Ostravice Sandstone Member occurrence as well as the petrological, sedimentological features, and inventory of the carbonate clasts are presented here.