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Paulina Maziarz and Jakub Matusik

Abstract

In this study, halloysite-Fe3O4composites were synthesized by a chemical-precipitation method to facilitate magnetic separation of the sorbents from aqueous solution. The research focused on the effect of Fe3O4phase on the halloysite sorption properties. The X-ray diffraction (XRD) results confirmed successful deposition of Fe3O4particles on a halloysite surface. They showed that the coating with Fe3O4particles enhanced the halloysite adsorption affinity toward Cd(II) and Pb(II). The highest adsorption capacity was determined for the composites having 10% of the surface deposited with Fe3O4. In this case, the adsorption capacity for Cd(II) and Pb(II) was 33 and 112 mmol·kg-1, respectively. The point of zero charge (pHPZC) and desorption results indicated that the removal mechanism of metals is mainly related to chemisorption involving reaction with hydroxyls of either halloysite or Fe3O4phase. The ion exchange is of limited importance due to the low cation exchange capacity (CEC) of halloysite - Fe3O4composites.

Open access

Karolina Rybka, Katarzyna Suwała, Paulina Maziarz and Jakub Matusik

Abstract

In this work, kaolinite modified with zero-valent iron was synthesized and used as a sorbent for Pb(II) and Mo(VI) removal from aqueous solutions. The obtained material was characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy. The methods revealed successful modification by the Fe0particles precipitation on the surface of well-ordered kaolinite. The sorption experiment results showed a significant increase of sorption capacity in relation to the raw kaolinite. The kaolinite with 25% content of Fe0was found to be the best material for Pb(II) and Mo(VI) removal, resulting in approximately 500 mmol·kg-1and 350 mmol·kg-1sorption, respectively. The possible mechanisms responsible for metals’ removal were identified as reduction by Fe0‘core’ and adsorption on the iron hydroxides ‘shell’. The study indicated that the obtained material is capable of efficient Pb(II) and Mo(VI) removal and may be an interesting alternative to other methods used for heavy metals’ removal.