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  • Author: Jacek Sztubecki x
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Nalysis of Changes to Steel Footbridge Geometry Within 25 Years in Service

Abstract

Identification of the technical condition of bridge structures should be supplemented by determination of structural displacements in relation to the adopted frame of reference and measurement of changes to the geometry of its individual elements. Of special value are the results of measurements of the same values obtained along an extended service life. They provide an opportunity to compare results, track down tendencies, and more quickly recognise signs of aggravating technical condition of structures.

The paper presents an analysis of changes to the geometry of a bridge structure – a cable– stayed footbridge used for pedestrian and bicycle traffic across the Brda river in Bydgoszcz. Measurements were made by means of surveying techniques within a period of 25 years of the structure service life. The collected data enabled numerous comparative analyses to be conducted. Displacements of footbridge structural elements observed across time led to formulation of recommendations for further use of the footbridge. For instance, recommendations for footbridge adjustment, including improvement of its geometry, were provided. In addition, a general analysis of the effect of footbridge displacements on its static operation was conducted.

Open access
A Hybrid Method of Determining Deformations of Engineering Structures with a Laser Station and a 3D Scanner

Abstract

The article presents the technology and an analysis of results of engineering structure displacements and deformation measurements. Two measuring technologies using the TDRA65000 laser station from Leica and the FARO Focus M scanner were applied during the tests. Use of the laser station enabled us to define horizontal and vertical displacements of a control network established on the tested facility. Owing to this, it was also possible to transform scanner measuring stations into one integrated unit. The described measurement methodology ensures a high accuracy of scanner station fitting which translates directly into the accuracy of determination of deformations in structural components of a facility. Integration of methods applied in the tests makes it possible to monitor not only displacements of control network points but also the structure as a whole in a uniform coordinate system.

Open access
Measurement Data Processing with the Use of Art Networks

Abstract

ART (Adaptive Resonance Theory) networks were invented in the 1990s as a new approach to the problem of image classification and recognition. ART networks belong to the group of resonance networks, which are trained without supervision. The paper presents the basic principles for creating and training ART networks, including the possibility of using this type of network for solving problems of predicting and processing measurement data, especially data obtained from geodesic monitoring. In the first stage of the process of creating a prediction model, a preliminary analysis of measurement data was carried out. It was aimed at detecting outliers because of their strong impact on the quality of the final model. Next, an ART network was used to predict the values of the vertical displacements of points of measurement and control networks stabilized on the inner and outer walls of an engineering object.

Open access
Measuring Displacements in Engineering Structures by Means of a Coordinate Laser Station

Abstract

The application of geodetic methods to examine structures consists in the determination of their displacements relative to an established geodetic reference datum or in the definition of the geometry of their individual components. Such examinations form a picture of changes happening between specific points in time. Modern measurement technologies used in geodetic engineering enable undertaking more and more challenging measurements with increasing accuracy. The purpose of this article is to present a measurement technique involving a Leica TDRA 6000 total station to measure displacements in engineering structures. The station features a direct drive technology to achieve an accuracy of 0.25 mm in 3-dimensional measurements. Supported by appropriate software, the unit makes a perfect instrument for the monitoring of civil engineering structures. The article presents the results of measurement of static and dynamic displacements in a few engineering structures. The measurements were carried out both in laboratory conditions and on actual, operated civil engineering structures.

Open access
Optimization of Measurement Points Choice in Preparation of Green Areas Acoustic Map

Abstract

The aim of the article is to analyze the selection of measuring points of sustainable sound level in the spa park. A set of points should allow to make on their basis an acoustic climate map for the park at certain times of day by usage available tools. Practical part contains a comparative analysis of developed noise maps, taking into account different variants of the distribution and number of measuring points on the selected area of the park.

Open access
Analysis of Vertical Displacements of the Esperanto Footbridge in Bydgoszcz

Abstract

The subject of the research is a footbridge across the river Brda in Bydgoszcz. The measurements of the footbridge displacements with the test load were undertaken. The paper presents the results of the measurements and compares them with the theoretical results obtained using the finite element method (FEM). On this basis, discrepancy between actual work of the structure and numerical simulations was found. Attempt to explain the reasons for the observed differences and direction of further research were included in the conclusions.

Open access
The Study of Using Gis Tools in Sustainable Management of Solar Energy

Abstract

Resource efficiency is the primary element of the European Union's ‘Europe 2020’ strategy for the economic growth. It aims at stimulating economic growth which will be smart, sustainable and inclusive. Proper land use is beneficial to the economic development and it contributes to the improvement of living conditions considering the principle of sustainable development. Geographical information systems are the perfect tools enabling effective spatial planning. GIS technology allows to carry out complex analysis, which enable a comprehensive environmental and urban assessment. Using GIS tools gives also a possibility to assess different variations of land use in the future. The article presents the results of the analyses carried out on the basis of DTM and DSM, which purpose was to assess the potential of solar energy of the selected area. It was shown the possibility of using the roof surface of old buildings in a chosen part of Bydgoszcz to install solar systems on them.

Open access