Shainin's component search procedure uses variability source detection based on specific median test. This approach has only two triple subsets and the certainty of inference can be weak for this reason. This paper checks this approach by series of numerical simulations.
The paper describes the method of producing a zinc coating on steel by electro-spark deposition technology. The technology of applying electro-spark zinc to the surface was presented. Microscopic observations and corrosion resistance tests were made. The possibilities of practical application of this type of coatings in the process of repairing zinc coatings, either damaged or with manufacturing defects, were analyzed.
The paper presents a study on microstructure and microhardness changes obtained in the spun carbon steel tube after shaping by a laser beam. The surface of a pipe was machined circumferentially using a 1500 W CO2 laser beam at various diameters (distance from the focus). As a result, plastic deformations such as convex and narrowing shape changes were observed. The conducted research, including microhardness measurements, shows that, in comparison to the unprocessed material, the microstructure was significantly changed, both in the convex and narrowed layer.
The paper is concerned with determining the influence of the laser treatment process on the properties of electro-spark coatings. The properties of the coatings after laser treatment were assessed based on following methods: microstructure and X-ray diffraction analysis, adhesion tests, roughness measurement, hardness tests, tribological properties and application tests. The tests were carried out on WC-Co coating (the anode) obtained by electro-spark deposition over carbon steel C45 (the cathode) and molten with a laser beam. The coatings were deposited by means of the EIL-8A and they were laser treated with the Nd:YAG. The tests show that the laser-treated electro-spark deposited WC-Co coatings are characterized by lower hardness, higher seizure resistance, roughness and adhesion. The laser treatment process causes the homogenization of the chemical composition, the structure refinement and the healing of microcracks and pores of the electro-spark deposited coatings. Laser treated electro-spark deposited coatings are likely to be applied in sliding friction pairs and as protective coatings.
The paper discusses nucleate boiling heat transfer on meshed surfaces during pool boiling of distilled water and ethyl alcohol of very high purity. It presents a correlation for heat flux developed for heaters covered with microstructural coatings made of meshes. The experimental results have been compared with the calculation results performed using the correlation and have been followed by discussion. Conclusions regarding the heat flux determination method have been drawn with the particular focus on the usefulness of the considered model for heat flux calculations on samples with sintered mesh layers.
The design of experiment (DoE) is a methodology originated from early 1920s when Fisher’s papers created the analysis of variance and first known experimental designs: latin squares. It is focused on a construction of empirical models based on measurements obtained from specifically structured and driven experiments. Its development resulted in the constitution of four distinctive branches recognized by the industry: factorials (full or fractional), Taguchi’s robust design, Shainin’s Red-X®and a response surface methodology (RSM). On one hand, the well-known success stories of this methodology implementations promise great benefits, while on other hand, the mathematical complexity of mathematical and statistical assumptions very often lead to improper use and wrong inferences. The possible solution to avoid such mistakes is the expert system supporting the design of experiments and subsequently the analysis of obtained data. The authors propose the outline of such system and provides the general analysis of the ontology and related inference rules.
The paper deals with the important issue of boiling heat transfer enhancement using mechanical treatment of the heater surface. The surface has been modified in such a way that microfins have been produced. The application of such a structure leads to highly increased heat fluxes in relation to the smooth surface as has been presented and discussed in the paper. The experiments including distilled water and ethyl alcohol on the horizontal copper samples of 3 cm diameter have been considered. The heat flux value of microfinned surface was even nine times higher than the heat flux dissipated from the smooth surface without any coating. It proves a considerable enhancement of boiling with the application of the mechanically treated surfaces of heat exchangers.
The bootstrap method is a well-known method to gather a full probability distribution from the dataset of a small sample. The simple bootstrap i.e. resampling from the raw dataset often leads to a significant irregularities in a shape of resulting empirical distribution due to the discontinuity of a support. The remedy for these irregularities is the smoothed bootstrap: a small random shift of source points before each resampling. This shift is controlled by specifically selected distributions. The key issue is such parameter settings of these distributions to achieve the desired characteristics of the empirical distribution. This paper describes an example of this procedure.