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J.T. Bonarski, B. Kania, K. Bolanowski and A. Karolczuk

Abstract

The article presents the results of residual stress analysis in selected metal-metal joints manufactured by conventional welding and explosive merging. The X-ray diffraction technique applied for advanced stress-texture measurements and data processing revealed directions and values of the principal stresses and their configuration on the surface of the examined structural elements. The obtained stress topography of the joint intersections indicates a possible path of potential cracking formed during the exploitation process and thus it becomes a very useful tool in the diagnostics of structural elements.

Open access

J.T. Bonarski, L. Tarkowski, S. Pawlak, A. Rakowska and Ł. Major

Abstract

Performed investigations and obtained results concerned the analysis of residual stresses in near-surface areas of coppercorundum (Cu-Al2O3) composite and silicon carbide (SiC) samples. X-ray diffraction and acoustic tomography techniques, as well as the suitable calculation procedures, allowed to locate sample-areas with extreme values of stresses residing in the examined materials. The registered texture-stress characteristics reflects inhomogeneity of the samples structure identified by means of acoustic tomography. Obtained results provide valuable information on anisotropy of physical properties of structural elements produced by the technologies applied to the examined samples.

Open access

P. Drzymała, B. Kania, M. Wróbel, P. Darłak, P. Długosz, P. Kwaśniewski and J. T. Bonarski

Magnesium alloys are the lightest structural materials, which makes them particularly suitable for use in the aircraft and automotive industry. However, due to hexagonal close-packed crystal structure, resulting in insufficient number of independent slip systems, magnesium alloys exhibit poor formability at room temperature. Conventional methods of work hardening of magnesium alloys requires the temperature about 300°C, which favours simultaneously processes of thermal recovery and grain growth, but decreases beneficial microstructure strengthening effect. Thus, it is a crucial to undertake development of a technology for semi-finished magnesium alloys elements, which will ensure better mechanical properties of the final products by forming desirable microstructure. In the paper we present the development of crystallographic texture of the Mg-based alloy (Mg-AZ31) in the form of pipe extruded at 430°C and subjected to pilger rolling at relatively low temperature.