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T. Rzychoń, J. Szala and A. Kiełbus

Microstructure, Castability, Microstructural Stability and Mechanical Properties of ZRE1 Magnesium Alloy

The influence of pouring temperature on the microstructure, fluidity and mechanical properties of ZRE1 magnesium alloy was investigated in this paper. The pouring temperature influences on the fluidity, mean area of grain plane section and mechanical properties. The dependence between pouring temperature and volume fraction of the (Mg, Zn)12RE intermetallic phase was not observed. The investigations enabled to determine the optimal pouring temperature of ZRE1 alloy. Moreover, the microstructural stability of ZRE1 alloy during long-term annealing at 150°C, 200°C and 400°C was investigated. ZRE1 magnesium alloy possesses a high microstructural stability up to 200°C, whereas at 400°C magnesium oxides and rare earth metals oxides are observed in the microstructure.

Open access

J. Przondziono, E. Hadasik and J. Szala

Abstract

The purpose of performed tests was evaluation of resistance to electrochemical corrosion of extruded magnesium alloy AZ31 with additive of 4.5% Li. Corrosion tests were performed in 0.01-2.0 M NaCl solutions. Potentiodynamic tests enabled to register polarisation curves. With application of stereoscopic microscope Nikon SMZ745T and electron scanning microscope Hitachi S-4200, the surface of the alloy was observed after immersion tests performed in 1-6 days. Results of performed tests prove explicitly deterioration of corrosion properties of the alloy with the increase of molar concentration of NaCl solution. It can be seen that corrosion process is intensive and that intensity increases with the increase of solution concentration and extension of exposure time.

Open access

D. Kuc, J. Szala and I. Bednarczyk

Abstract

The article presents the results of tests of influence of the thermo-mechanical treatment parameters on the mechanical properties and microstructure of steel 23MnB4 for cold-upsetting. Measurements of the ferrite grains and pearlite colonies were conducted with the use of Met-Ilo program supplemented by additional procedures dedicated to structure analysis of ferritic-pearlitic steel. The process of rolling was conducted in simulation in semi-continuous finishing train arrangement with different temperature and cooling rate. Elaborated procedure of quantitative analysis of microstructure and conducted mechanical properties tests will be used during preparations of modified technologies of wire rod rolling to prepare products made of steel, the microstructure of which is characterised higher utility properties.

Open access

J. Szala and D. Kuc

Abstract

The article presents the results of tests of influence of the thermo-mechanical treatment parameters on the mechanical properties and microstructure of steel C70D for wire rod. The methodology of quantitative description of pearlite morphology in steels with the use of the method on which a new computer program “PILS” - Pearlite Inter-Lamellar Spacing is based was presented. In order to verify the method, some quantitative tests of microstructure in samples after physical simulation of heat-plastic treatment were conducted on a deformation dilatometer device with diverse cooling rate for steel C70D. The process of rolling was conducted in simulation in continuous finishing train arrangement. Elaborated program and conducted tests will be used during preparations of modified technologies of wire rod rolling to prepare products made of steel, the microstructure of which is characterised with smaller interlamellar spacing.

Open access

J. Przondziono, E. Hadasik, W. Walke and J. Szala

Abstract

The study presents the results of research into the impact of strain in cold drawing and surface modification treatment on corrosion properties of wires made of X10CrNi 18-8 steel used in maxillofacial surgery. Scanning microscopy enabled to make images of the surface of wires after drawing process as well as after surface modification treatment. Resistance to electrochemical corrosion was evaluated on the ground of registered anodic polarisation curves in artificial saliva. In order to evaluate physical and chemical properties of the surface, electrochemical impedance spectroscopy was performed.

Test results show deterioration of corrosion properties of wires along with strain taking place in drawing process. It was proved that electrochemical polishing and chemical passivation caused sudden increase of resistance of wires made of stainless steel to pitting corrosion in artificial saliva.