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D. Dziedzic and J. Majta

Studies on Impact Transition Temperature of Nb Microalloyed Forging Steel Using Computer Simulation

The ability to design metal forming processes requires knowledge of continuum mechanics and materials engineering. The papers presents the results of research on the complete analysis of the forging process of microalloyed steel. The forging process assessment was performed based on thermomechanical calculations and using microstructural modeling. Hardness tests were employed for the verification of computed results. A method of predicting the relation between quality of final product and history of metal forming as well as microstructural development using an FEM simulation is also presented here. The results of the FEM-simulation for the forging process and material are compared with experimental data to show the feasibility of the proposed method. Finally, it is stated that by using properly built software it is possible to eliminate brittle cracking in the forged products, especially at low temperatures.

Open access

D. Dziedzic, K. Muszka and J. Majta

Abstract

Austenite morphology is one of the main factors determining austenite-ferrite transformation kinetic and effectively affects the final microstructure and properties. The basic criteria for proper assessment of the austenite transformation products, theirs refinement, is the relation between the nucleation to growth rates. The main factor accelerating both, the nucleation rate of austenite during heating, and ferrite during cooling is the presence of accumulated deformation energy. The primary aim of this work is to increase our knowledge of the effects of deformation - its accumulated energy on the austenite structure and properties. Two specific steel grades were selected for the present investigation, i.e. microalloyed and IF steel, essentially different in equilibrium transformation temperatures. Obtained austenitic microstructures were analyzed, first of all as a start point for the austenite-to-ferrite transformation. Specific case of this transformation was considered i.e. Strain Induced Dynamic Transformation SIDT. The characteristic feature of the SIDT is the strong dependence of theirs kinetic on the austenite morphology, especially grain size. Thermomechanical processing, that utilize the SIDT, is one of the most effective ways to produce ultrafine-grained steel. One of the main benefits of the austenite refinement, just before the γ→α transformation, is its significant effect on the microstructure evolution during subsequent thermomechanical processing. Experimental results clearly show how direct and positive influence the austenite grain refinement has on the composition and refinement of transformation products. Presented study was focused on Strain Induced Dynamic Reverse Transformation. It is proved that this kind of transformation is very efficient way to intensify thermomechanical processing of microalloyed steels. Dynamic transformation kinetics were analyzed based upon flow curves recorded during the SIDT process. The main effect of presented research is analyze of influence of prior microstructure on dynamically formed austenite morphology

Open access

M. Kwiecień, P. Graca, K. Muszka and J. Majta

Abstract

In the present study, we have discussed the selected problems of microstructure development during the whole manufacturing process, i.e. continuous casting, thermomechanical processing, and cold metal forming of the microalloyed steels wires. In the investigated steels, the microstructure development was controlled by the history of deformation and by the effects of microalloying elements, mostly Nb, Ti, and B. It has been concluded that obtained in the ultrafine grained microalloyed steel wires mechanical properties were first of all resulting from specific structural composition and grain refinement. Additionally, it has been proven that austenite grain refinement, that increases nucleation rate during the austenite-to-ferrite phase transformation, as a result of the thermomechanical processing, are very beneficial from point of view of the final mechanical properties. This problem starts to be very important when the microalloyed steel products are subjected to severe plastic deformation, as it has been shown discussed in the present work for combined processes of wire drawing and wire flattening.

Open access

K. Kreislová, H. Geiplová, I. Skořepová, J. Skořepa and D. Majtás

Atmosférická koroze a klasifi kace agresivity atmosfér je dlouhodobým předmětem studia SVUOM. Ve spolupráci s CGS byly v roce 2001 vytvořeny mapy korozních rychlostí a korozních tříd pro uhlíkovou ocel, patinující ocel, zinek, měď, bronz a hliník. Tento článek uvádí aktuální přístup k modelování atmosférické koroze v České republice, který je založen na modifi kovaných funkcích zahrnujících klimatická data, znečištění ovzduší a nově i vliv rozmrazujících solí v okolí dálnic.