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J. Borowiecka-Jamrozek and J. Lachowski

Abstract

The paper presents results of computer simulations of the stress/strain field built up in a cobalt matrix diamond impregnated saw blade segment during its fabrication and after loading the protruding diamond with an external force. The main objective of this work was to create better understanding of the factors affecting retention of diamond particles in a metallic matrix of saw blade segments, which are produced by means of the powder metallurgy technology.

The effective use of diamond impregnated tools strongly depends on mechanical and tribological properties of the matrix, which has to hold the diamond grits firmly. The diamond retention capability of the matrix is affected in a complex manner by chemical or mechanical interactions between the diamond crystal and the matrix during the segment manufacture. Due to the difference between the thermal expansion coefficients of the diamond and metallic matrix, a complex stress/strain field is generated in the matrix surrounding each diamond crystal.

It is assumed that the matrix potential for diamond retention can be associated with the amount of the elastic and plastic deformation energy and the size of the deformation zone occurring in the matrix around diamonds. The stress and strain fields generated in the matrix were calculated using the Abaqus software. It was found that the stress and strain fields generated during segment fabrication change to a large extent as the diamond crystal emerges from the cobalt matrix to reach its working height of protrusion.

Open access

J. Borowiecka-Jamrozek and J. Lachowski

Abstract

The paper describes the process of diffusion taking place at the surface of sinters produced from Co Extrafine powder after saturation with boron. Boronizing was performed at a temperature of 950°C for 6 and 12 hours by applying B4C powder as a depositing source, NH4Cl + NaF as an activator and Al2O3 as an inert filler. The study involved determining the diffusion coefficient, which required analyzing the microstructure and thickness of the layers and the process time. The images obtained with a Leica DM-4000 optical microscope revealed a two-phase structure of the boride layers. The presence of the two phases, i.e. CoB and Co2B, was confirmed by X-ray diffraction (XRD). A model of diffusion of boron atoms into the cobalt substrate was developed assuming the reaction diffusion mechanism. This model was used to calculate the diffusion coefficient. It required taking account of the interatomic potentials of boron and cobalt. The calculation results were compared with the experimental data concerning the diffusion of boron in other materials.

Open access

J. Borowiecka-Jamrozek and J. Lachowski

Abstract

This paper deals with computer modelling of the retention of a synthetic diamond particle in a metallic matrix produced by powder metallurgy. The analyzed sintered powders can be used as matrices for diamond impregnated tools. First, the behaviour of sintered cobalt powder was analyzed. The model of a diamond particle embedded in a metallic matrix was created using Abaqus software. The preliminary analysis was performed to determine the mechanical parameters that are independent of the shape of the crystal. The calculation results were compared with the experimental data. Next, sintered specimens obtained from two commercially available powder mixtures were studied. The aim of the investigations was to determine the influence of the mechanical and thermal parameters of the matrix materials on their retentive properties. The analysis indicated the mechanical parameters that are responsible for the retention of diamond particles in a matrix. These mechanical variables have been: the elastic energy of particle, the elastic energy of matrix and the radius of plastic zone around particle.

Open access

J. Borowiecka-Jamrozek and J. Lachowski

Abstract

This paper discusses the mechanical properties of a material fabricated from commercially available metal powder mixtures designed for use as a metal matrix of diamond impregnated composites. The mixtures with the catalogue numbers CSA and CSA800 provided by a Chinese producer are suitable for experimental laboratory testing. The specimens were fabricated in a graphite mould using hot pressing. The material was tested for density, porosity, hardness, and tensile strength under static loading. A scanning electron microscope (SEM) was used to analyze the microstructure and cleavage fracture of broken specimens. It was essential to determine how the chemical composition and the fabrication process affected the microstructure and properties of the material. The properties of the sinters were compared with those of hot pressed specimens fabricated from sub-micron size cobalt powder (Cobalt SMS). Although the as-consolidated material is inferior to cobalt, it displays a favourable combination of hardness, yield strength and ductility, and seems to have a great potential for moderate and general purpose applications.