Search Results

You are looking at 1 - 10 of 12 items for

  • Author: J. Kamińska x
Clear All Modify Search
Open access

J. Kamińska

Abstract

Self-hardening moulding sands with water-glass hardened by liquid esters are applied in several foundry plants for making moulds for the production of heavy iron and steel castings. The main good point of this process is a low cost of sands. However, on account of a low susceptibility of this moulding sand for the matrix reclamation the fraction of sands originated from the reclamation is limited. The investigations presented in this work were aimed at the determination of the addition of the reclaimed material, obtained in the dry mechanical reclamation, on properties of the moulding sand with the Geopol 618 binder, which is water-glass modified by polymers and hardened by esters.

Open access

J. Kamińska and J. Dańko

Abstract

A technology of sands with water glass hardened by liquid esters is a cheap and ecologic method of producing moulding sands. Due to these advantages, this technology is still very important in several foundry plants for production of heavy iron and steel castings. Reclamation of the mixed moulding and core sands generates significant amounts of dusts, which require further treatments for their reuse. The results of investigations of a pressureless granulation of dusts generated in the dry mechanical reclamation process of the mixture consisting in app. 90 % of moulding sands from the Floster S technology and in 10 % of core sands with phenolic resin resol type, are presented in the hereby paper. Investigations were aimed at obtaining granulates of the determined dimensional and strength parameters.

Granules were formed from the mixture of dusts consisting of 75 mass% of dusts after the reclamation of sands mixture and of 25 mass% of dusts from bentonite sands processing plant. Wetted dusts from bentonite sands were used as a binding agent allowing the granulation of after reclamation dusts originated from the mixed sands technology.

Open access

J. Kamińska and J. Dańko

Abstract

The results of investigations of the granulation process of foundry dusts generated in the dry mechanical reclamation process of used sands, where furan resins were binders are presented in the paper. Investigations concerned producing of granules of the determined dimensions and strength parameters.

Granules were formed from the dusts mixture consisting in 50 mass% of dusts obtained after the reclamation of the furane sands and in 50 mass % of dusts from sands with bentonite. Dusts from the bentonite sands with water were used as a binder allowing the granulation of after reclamation dusts from the furane sands.

The following parameters of the ready final product were determined: moisture content (W), shatter test of granules (Wz) performed directly after the granulation process and after 1, 3, 5, 10 days and nights of seasoning, water-resistance of granules after 24 hours of being immersed in water, surface porosity ep and volumetric porosity ev. In addition the shatter test and water-resistance of granulate dried at a temperature of 105°C were determined.

Investigations were performed at the bowl angle of inclination 45°, for three rotational speeds of the bowl being: 10, 15, 20 rpm.

For the speed of 10 rpm the granulation tests of dusts mixture after the preliminary mixing in the roller mixer and with the addition of water-glass in the amount of 2% in relation to the amount of dust were carried out.

The obtained results indicate that the granulator allows to obtain granules from dusts originated from the reclamations of moulding sands with the furane resin with an addition of dusts from the bentonite sands processing plants.

Open access

J. Dańko, J. Kamińska and M. Skrzyńsk

Abstract

The results of the reclamation of spent moulding sands with inorganic binder in the prototype vibratory reclaimer REGMAS - are presented in the paper. Spent moulding sands with modified water-glass, burned as well as not burned, present in a form of agglomerates (lumps), were subjected to the reclamation processes.

During individual reclamation cycles the reclaimer efficiency and vibrations amplitudes were determined and physicalchemical and strength investigations were performed for the obtained reclaim materials. The obtained reclaim was used as a component of the matrix of moulding sands with water-glass in the Floster S technology, in which the reclaim constituted 100%, 80% and 50% of the sand matrix - respectively.

Open access

J. Kamińska and A. Kmita

Abstract

The presented in the paper investigations were aimed at the determination of the reclaimed material (obtained in the dry mechanical reclamation process) addition influence on properties of moulding sands with hydrated sodium silicate modified by colloidal suspension of zinc oxide nanoparticles in propanol. Nanoparticles originated from the thermal decomposition of alkaline zinc carbonate, were used. The results of the reclamation of the spent moulding sand with hydrated sodium silicate performed in the AT-2 testing reclaimer are presented in the paper. Both, spent sands from the Floster S technology and from the technology with the modified water-glass were subjected to the reclamation processes. The following determinations of the reclaimed material were performed: pH reaction, acid demand, ignition loss and Na2O content. The obtained reclaim was used as a matrix component of moulding sands with water-glass in the Floster S technology, in which it constituted 60% and 50% of the sand matrix. The strength properties of the prepared moulding sands were determined (bending strength Rg u, tensile strength Rm u) after samples storing times: 1h, 2h, 4h and 24 hours.

Open access

M. Skrzyński, R. Dańko and J. Kamińska

Abstract

The results of investigations of the reclamation of spent moulding and core sands, originated from one of the Polish foundry plants, are presented in the paper. Four mixtures consisting of two types of spent sands (spent moulding sand and spent core sand) were subjected to the regeneration process. Each tested mixture consisted of an inorganic type spent moulding sand and of an organic type spent core sand. Proportions of mutual fractions of spent moulding and core sands in mixtures was 70%-30% and was representative for the waste sands from the foundry, from which these sands originated.

Open access

J. Kamińska, M. Angrecki, A. Palma, J. Jakubski and E. Wildhirt

Abstract

The results of own studies concerning the application of a new additive to the CO2-hardened sodium water glass foundry sands are presented. The new additive, which is a composition of aqueous solutions of modified polyalcohols, has been designated by the symbol “B” and is used as an agent improving the sand knocking out properties. The scope of studies included various mechanical and technological properties of foundry sand mixtures, such as permeability, friability, life cycle of cores and knocking out properties. Two types of water glass with different values of the silica modulus and density, designated as R145 and R150, were tested. Moulding sands used in the tests were made with the additive “B”. For comparison, a reference sand mixture with water glass but without the additive “B” was also prepared.

Open access

I. Izdebska-Szanda, J. Kamińska, M. Angrecki, A. Palma and W. Madej

Abstract

The results of research on the possibility of using a gaseous medium (hot air) as a hardening agent for inorganic binders were discussed, and tests on the reclamation of waste moulding sands were carried out. The research programme also included the use of a modernized test stand for hardening of foundry sands with gaseous agents and a pilot plant for the sand reclamation.

Cores made on the test stand were examined for the basic technological properties and were also used in moulds for the trial knocking out of castings.

Two types of binders were tested, i.e. a modified water glass designated as Binder A and, for comparison, a reference material which was hydrated sodium silicate R145. The hardener for the sand mixtures was hot air (the dehydration of water glass). Trials of the sand reclamation were carried out in a laboratory pilot plant, installed and operating at the Foundry Research Institute. The obtained reclaim was added in different amounts to the sand mixtures subjected to technological tests. The next step included the manufacture of test moulds, pouring them with aluminium alloy, and knocking out of castings to test the collapsibility of moulds and cores.

Open access

I. Izdebska-Szanda, J. Kamińska, M. Angrecki, A. Palma and Z. Stefański

Abstract

The aim of the study was to determine the applicability of a new product added to water glass-containing foundry sands hardened with ethylene glycol diacetate. The new additive designated by the symbol “B” is a composition of aqueous solutions of modified polyalcohols, improving the sand knocking out properties. The scope of studies included testing various mechanical and technological properties of foundry sand mixtures, such as permeability, friability, life cycle of cores and knocking out properties. In the technological studies, two types of water glass with different values of the silica modulus and density, designated as R145 and R150, were used. Moulding sands were prepared with the additive “B”. For comparison, reference sands with water glass but without the additive “B” were also made. In Part I of the article, the results of studies of the effect of additive “B” on the properties of foundry sands with water glass hardened by CO2 blowing were discussed.

Open access

W. Markiewicz, K. Kamińska, M. Bogacki, T. Maślanka and J. Jaroszewski

Abstract

Recent studies show that a representative of phospholipids, namely lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) and its receptors (LPA1-3) play a significant role in the reproductive processes, i. a, in the modulation of the uterine contractility. The participation of LPA3 in the reproductive processes has been revealed in mice and has not been studied in gilts. Therefore, in the present study we investigated the role/action of LPA and its receptors LPA1, LPA2 and LPA3 on the contraction activity in the porcine uterus. The study was conducted on an experimental model in which the pig uterus consisted of the one whole uterine horn and a part of the second horn, both connected with the uterine corpus. Uterine strips consisting of the endometrium with the myometrium (ENDO/MYO) and myometrium (MYO) alone were collected on days 12-14 of the estrous cycle (control group; n = 5) or pregnancy (experimental group; n = 5). Two analogues of LPA at increasing doses were used: oleoyl-sn-glycero- 3-phosphate (L-α-LPA, a selective agonist of LPA1 and LPA2 receptors; 10-7 M; 10-6 M and 10-5 M) and 1-oleoyl-2-O-methyl-rac-glycerophosphothionate (OMPT, a selective agonist of LPA3 receptor; 68 nM; 136 nM and 680 nM). L-α-LPA caused an increase in the contraction tension, amplitude and frequency of ENDO/MYO from the uterine horn with the developing embryos. This effect was not observed in MYO in both groups examined. In the ENDO/MYO strips of the uterine horn with developing embryos, OMPT significantly increased the contraction tension at the highest dose (680 nM) and amplitude at all doses examined, while frequency of contractions was decreased at doses of 136 nM and 680 nM. In the MYO strips of the uterine horn with embryos a significant increase in the contraction tension and amplitude after the highest dose of OMPT was observed. The results obtained imply the important role of receptors LPA1 , LPA2 and LPA3 in the contraction activity of the porcine uterus during early pregnancy.